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Table 3 Overview and description of applied LULCC scenarios (a) and scenario results (b) according to land use-based assessment (LU) and combined land use-based and ecosystem potential (EP) assessment (LU + EP)

From: Assessing hydrological and provisioning ecosystem services in a case study in Western Central Brazil

  (a) (b)
   Water purification Sediment retention Water retention Food and fodder Affected area of river basin
ID Description LU LU + EP LU LU + EP LU LU + EP LU LU + EP [%]
BAU Current (2010) land use distribution (baseline scenario) 88 88 86 83 48 46 31 30 -
  Change of riparian areas (Ri) with a low potential for nitrogen retention
Ri-1 … toward native tree Savanna (Cerrado) 88 88 86 83 49 47 30 30 2
Ri-2 … toward forests (afforestation) 88 88 86 83 49 47 30 30 2
Ri-3 … toward pasture 88 88 86 83 48 46 31 30 2
Ri-4 … toward natural forest (Mata) 88 88 86 83 49 47 30 30 2
Ri-5 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 88 88 86 83 48 46 31 31 2
  Change of native grass Savanna (Campo, Ca)          
Ca-1 … toward irrigated land 86 86 85 82 46 44 34 33 3
Ca-2 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 87 87 86 82 46 44 32 32 3
Ca-3 … toward arable land (corn, till) 87 87 84 81 45 44 33 33 3
Ca-4 … toward pasture 88 88 86 82 47 45 31 31 3
  Change of areas with low nitrogen retention potential (NRP)          
NRP-1 … toward Cerrado 88 88 87 83 49 47 30 30 4
NRP-2 … toward forests (afforestation) 88 88 86 83 48 46 30 30 4
NRP-3 … toward pasture 88 88 86 83 48 46 31 30 4
NRP-4 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 88 88 86 82 46 44 32 32 4
NRP-5 … toward irrigated land 86 86 85 82 46 44 34 33 4
  Change of areas with steep slopes(Sl)          
Sl-1 … toward Cerrado 88 88 87 83 49 47 30 30 5
Sl-2 … toward forests (afforestation) 88 88 86 83 48 46 30 30 5
Sl-3 … toward pasture 88 88 86 82 47 45 31 31 5
Sl-4 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 87 87 86 82 45 44 33 32 5
Sl-5 … toward arable land (corn, till) 86 86 83 80 45 43 34 33 5
Sl-6 … toward irrigated land 85 85 85 81 45 44 35 35 5
  Change of degraded Cerrado (DC)          
DC-1 … toward Cerrado 88 88 87 84 52 50 31 30 6
DC-2 … toward forests (afforestation) 88 88 87 83 50 48 31 30 6
DC-3 … toward natural forest (Mata) 88 88 87 84 52 50 31 30 6
DC-4 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 87 87 86 82 47 45 34 34 6
DC-5 … toward arable land (corn, no-till) 86 86 83 79 46 44 35 35 6
DC-6 … toward pasture 88 88 86 82 49 47 32 31 6
DC-7 … toward irrigated land 84 84 85 81 47 45 37 37 6
  Change of riparian areas (Ri) with an intermediate potential retention function         
Ri-6 … toward Cerrado 89 89 87 84 51 49 29 29 8
Ri-7 … toward forests (afforestation) 89 89 87 83 49 47 29 29 8
Ri-8 … toward pasture 89 89 86 83 48 46 31 30 8
Ri-9 … toward natural forest (Mata) 89 89 87 84 51 49 29 29 8
Ri-10 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 87 87 86 82 45 43 33 33 8
  Change of riparian areas (Ri) with an intermediate and low potential retention function       
Ri-11 … toward natural Cerrado 89 89 87 84 52 50 29 28 10
Ri-12 … toward forests (afforestation) 89 89 87 84 49 47 29 28 10
Ri-13 … toward pasture 89 89 86 83 48 46 30 30 10
Ri-14 … toward natural forest (Mata) 89 89 87 84 52 50 29 28 10
Ri-15 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 87 87 86 82 45 43 34 34 10
Ri-16 … toward irrigated land 82 82 84 81 45 43 39 38 10
  Change of Cerrado(Ce)          
Ce-1 … toward irrigated land 81 81 83 79 41 39 41 40 10
Ce-2 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 86 86 85 81 41 39 36 35 10
Ce-3 … toward arable land (corn, till) 84 84 80 76 39 37 38 37 10
Ce-4 … toward degraded Cerrado 88 88 85 82 42 40 31 30 10
  Distance to water (D): Change of areas close to surface waters (irrespective of their current land use)      
D-1 … toward Cerrado 89 89 88 85 53 51 28 28 14
D-2 … toward forests (afforestation) 89 89 87 84 49 47 28 28 14
D-3 … toward pasture 89 89 86 82 47 45 30 30 14
D-4 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 86 86 86 82 43 41 35 35 14
  Change of degraded Cerrado and Cerrado (DCC)          
DCC-1 … toward arable land (general, no-till) 85 85 85 81 40 38 39 38 17
DCC-2 … toward arable land (corn, no-till) 82 82 85 81 40 38 43 42 17
DCC-3 … toward pasture 88 88 84 81 45 43 33 33 17
DCC-4 … irrigated land 77 77 82 78 40 38 47 46 17
  Change of pastureland (Pa)          
Pa-1 … toward Cerrado 88 88 89 87 57 55 27 27 21
Pa-2 … toward grass Savanna (Campo) 88 88 89 87 57 55 27 27 21
Pa-3 … toward forests (afforestation) 88 88 89 85 51 49 27 27 21
Pa-4 … toward natural forest (Mata) 88 88 90 87 57 55 27 27 21
Pa-5 … arable land (general, no-till) 84 84 87 83 41 39 38 37 21
Pa-6 … toward arable land (corn, no-till) 81 81 88 84 41 39 43 42 21
  Combined (C): Change of areas with low potential for nitrogen retention, runoff retention, sediment retention, and production potential
C-1 … toward Cerrado 90 90 89 86 56 54 27 27 23
  Change of arable land (general) (Ar)          
Ar-1 … toward arable land (soy, till) 95 95 76 73 40 39 33 32 47
Ar-2 … toward arable land (wheat) 94 94 81 78 48 46 24 23 47
Ar-3 … toward arable land (corn, no-till) 81 81 88 85 48 46 42 42 47
Ar-4 … toward Cerrado 97 97 92 90 82 81 7 7 47
  1. (Scenarios were tabulated according to the affected area).