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Table 4 RSA parameter sensitivities for various objective functions

From: Parameter uncertainty and identifiability of a conceptual semi-distributed model to simulate hydrological processes in a small headwater catchment in Northwest China

Parameters Statistical measures Runoff signatures Combined objective functions
R 2 R eff R eff, log S VE S FDC S PQ S PT C OF
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8–28)
Catchment
PCALT *** *** *** ** *** *** *** (8) ***
TCALT *** * * * (9) **
Snow routine  
TT *** *** * ** ** * * (10) **
CFMAX * ** * * (11) **
SFCF *** *** ** *** ** ** (12) ***
CFR * (13) *
Soil routine
FC forest * * * * (14) ––
FC shrub *** ** ** * *** *** ** (15) ***
FC grass * ** ** ** * (16) *
LP forest * * (17) *
LP shrub ** * * ** ** (18)
LP grass ** (19) **
BETA forest       * (20) *
BETA shrub * * * ** ** (21) **
BETA grass ** * * * *** ** (22) ***
Response routine
PERC *** ** ** *** *** *** *** (23) *
UZL * ** *** (24) ***
K 0         (25)  
K 1 *** *** * ** ** * *** (26) **
K 2 ** ** ** ** * * (27) **
Routing routine
MAXBAS ** ** *** ** *** (28) ***
  1. ***, high sensitivity; **, moderate sensitivity; *, slight sensitivity; –, insensitive parameters. The numbers in the parentheses are the indexes for all objective functions: including 3 statistical measures (1–3), 4 runoff signatures (4–7), and 21 combined objective functions (8–28).