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Table 1 Summary of major topics and literature reviewed

From: Upstream-downstream linkages of hydrological processes in the Himalayan region

Type of linkage Focus of studies Sources
Impact of land use change on the hydrological regime General DeFries and Eshleman ([2004]); Bronstert et al. ([2002])
Impact of forest cover on stream flow and floods Douglass and Swank ([1975]); Hamilton and King ([1983]); Hibbert ([1967]); Bosch and Hewlett ([1982]); Andreaassian ([2004]); Bosch and Hewlett ([1982]); Herron et al. ([2002]); Zhang et al. ([1999]); FAO, CIFOR ([2005]); Ives ([2004]); Bruijnzeel ([1990]); Brooks et al. ([1991]); Gilmour et al. ([1987]); Hamilton and Pearce ([1987]); Beven ([2001]); Bruijnzeel and Bremmer ([1989]); Bruijnzeel ([2004])
Impacts in large-scale catchments Costa et al. ([2003]); Krause ([2002]); Siriwardena et al. ([2006])
Impact of land use change on soil erosion and sedimentation Role of vegetation cover and land use in reducing erosion Stocking ([1984]); Walling ([1999]); (Gardner and Gerrard [2003]); Tang Ya and Nakarmi ([2004]).; Shrestha ([1997]); Morgan et al. ([1984]); Impat ([1981]); Ramsay ([1987])
River sediment load Bruijnzeel and Bremmer ([1989]); Sharma ([1997]); Laban ([1979]), cited in Tiwari ([2000]); Alford ([1992]); Mool et al. ([2001]); Sharma ([1997]); Milliman and Meade ([1983]); Ives and Messerli ([1989]); Kiersch ([2000]); Bruijnzeel ([1990]); (Wasson ([2003]); Wasson et al. ([2008])
Impact of climate change on the hydrological regime Temperature Shrestha et al. ([1999]); Nepal ([2012]); Liu and Chen ([2000]); IPCC ([2007]);
Precipitation Shrestha et al. ([2000]); Nepal ([2012]); Singh et al. ([2011]);
Cryosphere Schneeberger et al. ([2003]); Bajracharya & Shrestha ([2011]); Kundzewicz et al. ([2007]); Eriksson et al. ([2009]); Immerzeel et al. ([2012]);
River flow Rees and Collins ([2006]); Nepal et al. ([2014]); Singh and Jain ([2006]); Nepal ([2012]); Immerzeel et al. ([2012]); Singh and Bengtsson ([2004], [2005]); Lutz et al. ([2014]); Immerzeel et al. ([2010])