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Table 1 The benefits and effects of P. juliflora to pastoral households in the Middle Awash area of Ethiopia

From: The invasion of Prosopis juliflora and Afar pastoral livelihoods in the Middle Awash area of Ethiopia

  Villages
Worer Sideha-Faghe Amibara Halaideghe Awash Arba Gewane
Benefits of P. juliflora
 Means of income 15 (34.1) 7 (28.0) 5 (27.8) 2 (10.0) 3 (21.4) 9 (42.9)
 Feed 31 (70.5) 17 (68.0) 12 (66.7) 14 (70.0) 11 (78.6) 17 (81.0)
 Shade tree 23 (52.3) 4 (16.0) 8 (44.4) 9 (45.0) 9 (64.3) 6 (28.6)
 Fuelwood 36 (81.8) 19 (76.0) 17 (94.4) 18 (90.0) 14 (100) 21 (100)
 Homestead fence 37 (84.1) 19 (76.0) 13 (72.2) 17 (85.0) 11 (78.6) 21 (100)
 For barn construction 37 (84.1) 20 (80.0) 13 (72.2) 17 (85.0) 10 (71.4) 17 (81.0)
 For house construction 12 (27.3) 7 (28.0) 7 (38.9) 4 (25.0) 4 (28.6) 12 (57.1)
 Walking stick 4 (9.1) 2 (8.0) 2 (20.0) 6 (28.6)
 For making traditional bed (Olo’ytaa) 2 (4.5) 1 (4.8)
Effects of P. juliflora
 Wet- and dry-season grazing land invasion 38 (86.4) 19 (76.0) 18 (100) 20 (100) 11 (78.6) 17 (81.0)
 Transhumance 37 (84.1) 19 (76.0) 18 (100) 19 (95.0) 11 (78.6) 20 (95.2)
 Traditions and institutions 34 (77.3) 19 (76.0) 17 (94.4) 19 (95.0) 10 (71.4) 20 (95.2)
 Competition for labor 35 (79.5) 20 (80.0) 16 (88.9) 17 (85.0) 11 (78.6) 21 (100)
 Thorn punctures (both livestock and inhabitants) 38 (86.4) 19 (76.0) 18 (100) 19 (95.0) 11 (78.6) 21 (100)
 Settlement areas invasion 36 (81.8) 22 (88.0) 18 (100) 18 (90.0) 12 (85.7) 21 (100)
 Graveyard invasion 29 (65.9) 7 (28.0) 5 (27.8)
 Shelter to predators 20 (45.5) 16 (64.0) 13 (72.2) 17 (85.0) 10 (71.4) 21 (100)
 Shelter to rustlers 13 (29.5) 9 (36.0) 2 (11.1) 1 (5.0) 3 (21.4)
  1. The numbers in brackets show the proportion