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Table 4 Socio-economic factors influencing farmer’s WTA to provide ESs

From: Estimating farmers’ stated willingness to accept pay for ecosystem services: case of Lake Naivasha watershed Payment for Ecosystem Services scheme-Kenya

Variable description   
Willingness to accept pay (WTA) for ES provision (0 = no; 1 = yes)
  Coef. Std. err.
Gender of household head (0 = male; 1 = female) 2.004 1.842
Age of household head (years) −0.050 0.062
Education level of household head (0 = none; 1 = primary; 2 = high school; 3 = college/university) −4.926a 2.184
Occupation of Household head (0 = not employed; 1 = employed; 2 = farmer; 3 = off-farm business; 4 = farmer and employed; 5 = farmer/employed/business; 6 = farmer and off-farm business) −1.143a 0.639
Farm size (acres) 2.305 1.376
Household family size (number) −0.308 0.329
Acquired skills/knowledge through PES (0 = no; 1 = yes) 6.048b 3.192
Land use system (0 = farming; 2 = not farming) 3.312b 1.680
Access to extension services −1.7045 1.604
Perception on PES impact on land productivity (0 = no; 1 = yes) 6.083b 3.141
Income from PES (0 = no; 1 = yes) 5.887a 2.513
Conservation interest (0 = no; 1 = yes) −3.168c 1.945
_cons −11.998 7.745
  1. LR χ 2 (12) = 38.24; prob > χ 2 = 0.0001; log likelihood = −11.225271; pseudo R 2 = 0.6301
  2. aSignificance at 1 %
  3. bSignificance at 5 %
  4. cSignificance at 10 %