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Table 1 Summary table of Wilcoxon-signed ranked test results on the effects of LULC change on groundwater recharge in semi-arid regions

From: Groundwater recharge rates and surface runoff response to land use and land cover changes in semi-arid environments

GW recharge rate (% of precipitation)
Pre-LULC Post LULC Pre-LULC Post LULC p n
Bare land Cropland 36 ± 21 6.4 ± 0.8 2
Bare land Grassland 50 ± 0.2 11.7 ± 1.4 0.068 4
Bare land Forest 38 ± 10 8.5 ± 6.8 0.043 5
Bare land All 42 ± 9 9.3 ± 4.8 0.003 11
Grassland Cropland 14 ± 12 8.6 ± 4.8 0.29 3
 Forest Cropland 0.13 ± 0.18 3.4 ± 2.5 < 0.001 28
 Forest Grassland 0.18 ± 0.54 4.4 ± 3.3 0.002 12
 Forest Rangeland 0.13 ± 0.14 0.64 ± 1.26 0.001 18
 Forest All 0.15 ± 0.28 3.7 ± 7.1 < 0.001 59
  1. Italicized entries are significant at P <0.1, and bolded text indicates significance at P <0.05