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Table 2 Summary table of Wilcoxon-signed ranked test results on the effects of LULC change on surface runoff

From: Groundwater recharge rates and surface runoff response to land use and land cover changes in semi-arid environments

Surface runoff (% of precipitation)
Pre-LULC Post LULC Pre-LULC Post LULC p n
Bare land Cropland 7.3 ± 7.3 14.9 ± 5.2 0.068 4
Bare land Bare land + soil and water conservation 11.7 ± 6.3 6.4 ± 4 0.001 15
Grass land Forest 2.5 ± 2.9 1.1 ± 1.4 <0.001 18
Cropland Cropland + soil and water conservation 5.2 ± 6.8 3.3 ± 3.8 0.109 4
Forest Cropland/rangeland 10.7 ± 7.6 14.1 ± 7.5 0.68 4
Cropland 10.7 ± 9.3 14.1 ± 8.5
Rangeland 10.7 ± 9.3 14.1 ± 10.3
Forest Bare land 1.0 ± 0.17 4.2 ± 2.2 0.001 13
  1. Italicized entries are significant at P <0.1, and bolded text indicates significance at P <0.05