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Table 4 Data for runoff studies

From: Groundwater recharge rates and surface runoff response to land use and land cover changes in semi-arid environments

Author Year of study Location of study area Area coverage (km2) Period of study (years) Latitude Longitude Method used Precipitation (mm/year) Potential evaporation (mm/year) Type of natural vegetation Type of vegetation after change Runoff under natural condition (mm/year) Runoff under changed condition (mm/year) Aridity index
Huang et al. (2003) 1956 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 0 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 544 890 Grassland Afforestation 29.3 18.5 0.611
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1957 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 1 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 537 890 Grassland Afforestation 14 9.7 0.603
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1959 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 3 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 551 890 Grassland Afforestation 3.1 1.5 0.619
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1962 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 6 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 521 890 Grassland Afforestation 5.5 2.4 0.586
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1963 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 7 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 474 890 Grassland Afforestation 7.5 2.6 0.533
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1965 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 9 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 370 890 Grassland Afforestation 1.9 0.5 0.415
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1967 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 11 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 541 890 Grassland Afforestation 3.8 1 0.608
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1969 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 13 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 428 890 Grassland Afforestation 9.8 3 0.481
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1970 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 14 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 538 890 Grassland Afforestation 7.8 2.6 0.600
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1971 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 15 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 460 890 Grassland Afforestation 18.7 4.8 0.516
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1972 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 16 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 432 890 Grassland Afforestation 1.4 0.1 0.485
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1974 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 18 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 545 890 Grassland Afforestation 18.6 6.3 0.610
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1976 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 20 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 535 890 Grassland Afforestation 5.5 1.1 0.601
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1977 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 21 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 547 890 Grassland Afforestation 14 5.6 0.614
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1979 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 23 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 390 890 Grassland Afforestation 2.4 0.5 0.438
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1980 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 24 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 528 890 Grassland Afforestation 12.4 5.4 0.593
Huang et al. (2003) 1956–1980 Loess Plateau, China 1.15 24 37.55 110.27 Field measurement 556 890 Grassland Afforestation 12 5 0.624
Guo et al. (2014)         525.9 1103.4 Grassland Forest 68 28.6 0.476
Thorburn et al. (1991)   Brigalow, north-eastern Australia    −23.3791 150.51   699 1525 Forest (Bigalow) Cropland 121 141 0.458
Thorburn et al. (1991)   Brigalow, north-eastern Australia    −23.3791 150.51   699 1525 Forest (Bigalow) Pasture 121 150 0.458
Thorburn et al. (1991)   Brigalow, north-eastern Australia    −23.3791 150.51   630 1525 Forest (Bigalow) Cropland 26 51 0.413
Thorburn et al. (1991)   Brigalow, north-eastern Australia    −23.3791 150.51   630 1525 Forest (Bigalow) Pasture 26 43 0.413
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 727 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 25.4 0.485
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 731 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 12.3 0.487
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 768 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 46.3 0.512
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 532 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 10.1 0.355
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 821 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 55.9 0.547
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 676 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 24.3 0.451
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 737 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 30.4 0.491
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 580 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 19.8 0.386
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 558 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 8.5 0.372
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 924 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 67.4 0.616
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 662 1500 Forest Bare (53% clearance) 7.2 52 0.441
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991a)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 750 1500 Forest (eucalyptus) Bare (53% clearance) 8 38 0.500
Ruprecht and Schofield (1991b)   Southwest Western Australia    −33.3 115.73 Field measurement 720 1500 Forest (eucalyptus) Bare (38% clearance) 6 13 0.480
Zhang et al. (2009)   Huangfu 3211   39 111 Field measurement 393.6 1678 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 57.8 31.6 0.235
   Gushan 1304   39.5 111 Field measurement 433.1 1803 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 83 43.6 0.240
   Kuye 9289   38.5 110 Field measurement 399.9 1693 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 84.6 58.6 0.236
   Jialu 1279   38 110.5 Field measurement 407.4 1602 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 82.6 38.7 0.2543
   Wuding 30,111   37 109 Field measurement 397.3 1749 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 50.4 34.8 0.228
   Shiwang 2327   35.5 110.5 Field measurement 536.6 1649 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 42.2 23.5 0.325
   Xinshui 4069   36 111 Field measurement 524.3 1680 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 46.3 23.1 0.312
   Sanchuan 4123   36.5 112 Field measurement 462.8 1654 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 71.1 43.7 0.279
   Weifen 1548   38.5 112 Field measurement 491.6 1711 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 53.3 28.7 0.287
   Zhujia 2956   39.5 112 Field measurement 450.4 1664 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 19.8 5.9 0.270
   CSHC 129,654   31 109 Field measurement 440.7 1677 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 49.6 29.8 0.262
Freebairn and Boughton (1985) 1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 7.5 0.7 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 19.6 4.6 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 62.7 29.9 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Soil erosion conservation measures 128.9 62.9 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Cropland 7.5 0.7 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Cropland 19.6 7.9 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Cropland 62.7 34.9 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Bare Cropland 128.9 111.5 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Cropland Soil erosion conservation measures 0.7 0.7 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Cropland Soil erosion conservation measures 7.9 4.6 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Cropland Soil erosion conservation measures 34.9 29.9 0.533
  1978–1981 Toowoomba    −31.9 116.05 Field measurement 750 1405 Cropland Soil erosion conservation measures 111.5 62.9 0.533