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Table 3 Jaccard’s coefficient of similarity between soil seed banks and understory vegetation under the inside canopy (IC) and outside canopy (OC) at Acacia robusta (AR), Balanites aegyptiaca (BA), and Ziziphus spina (ZS) at Babile Elephant Sanctuary, eastern Ethiopia

From: Tree species determine soil seed bank composition and its similarity with understory vegetation in a semi-arid African savanna

  Soil seed banks Understory vegetation
AR BA ZS AR BA ZS
IC OC IC OC IC OC IC OC IC OC IC OC
Soil seed banks
ARIC            
AROC 0.487           
BAIC 0.488 0.475          
BAOC 0.415 0.400 0.512         
ZSIC 0.563 0.490 0.462 0.377        
ZSOC 0.375 0.472 0.436 0.359 0.458       
Understory vegetation
ARIC 0.284 0.235 0.279 0.254 0.365 0.210      
AROC 0.350 0.254 0.367 0.302 0.352 0.226 0.551     
BAIC 0.379 0.300 0.421 0.300 0.377 0.229 0.514 0.578    
BAOC 0.297 0.209 0.313 0.266 0.289 0.164 0.535 0.600 0.600   
ZSIC 0.322 0.330 0.338 0.288 0.453 0.281 0.465 0.435 0.441 0.507  
ZSOC 0.321 0.263 0.339 0.286 0.413 0.232 0.515 0.462 0.470 0.565 0.740