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Table 1 Description of independent variables used in ordinal logistic regression model

From: Perception and attitude of pastoralists on livestock-wildlife interactions around Awash National Park, Ethiopia: implication for biodiversity conservation

Independent variables Description of variables Value label
Age range CV; age range of households 1 = 20–40; 2 = 41–60; 3 = >60
Sex BV; sex of household 1 = female; 2 = male
Family size Continues variable; number of individuals in the household  
Ethnic group CV; ethnic group of the household 1 = Afar; 2 = Ittu; 3 = Kereyu
Education CV; educational status of household 1 = elementary school; 2 = high school, 3 = illiterate, and 4 = able to read and write.
Primary source of income BV; primary source of income to household 1 = crop production; 2 = livestock production
TLU Continues variable; total livestock holding  
Distance CV; distance of household from park head quarter 1 = far; 2 = close; 3 = very close
Private grazing BV; presence/absence of private grazing land 1 = yes; 2 = no
Communal grazing BV; presence/absence of private grazing land 1 = yes; 2 = no
Awash National Park (ANP) grazing BV; presence/absence of grazing in the park 1 = yes; 2 = no
Interaction with wildlife CV; level of interaction with wildlife 1 = low; 2 = high, 3 = very high
Any benefit from ANP BV; presence/absence of benefit from the park 1 = yes; 2 = no
Wildlife problem BV; presence/absence of problem from wildlife 1 = yes; 2 = no
Problem type CV; type of problem due to wildlife 1 = crop damage; 2 = livestock predation; 3 = disease transmission
Relation BV; relation of household to the park 1 = positive; 2 = negative
Livestock problem BV; presence/absence of problem on wildlife due to livestock 1 = yes; 2 = no
Conflict BV; presence/absence of conflict with the park 1 = yes; 2 = no
Management park BV; presence/absence of experience in park management 1 = yes; 2 = no
Harmony BV; want to live in harmony with the park/not 1 = yes; 2 = no
  1. CV categorical variable, BV binary variable