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Table 1 A comparison of common differences in perceptions among different ecosystem users about forests and water and potential policy implications

From: Ecohydrological processes and ecosystem services in the Anthropocene: a review

People Interest in forests Perception to forest and water relationship Policy implications
Farmers Competition for land Trees compete for water; shade reduces crop production Remove trees for crops
Foresters Timber, fuels Trees = clean water; soil erosion control Trees are great, the more trees the better
Hydrologist/climatologists Important land surface High water users, soil erosion control Play a small, but important role in the hydrological cycle
Hydraulic engineers Hillslope and bank stability Climate, not forests control river flow Neutral, forests not important
Ecologists Productivity, Biodiversity Water as a limiting factor Forests are key ecosystems
Land managers Ecosystem services Many perceptions, none dominant Integrated management