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Table 5 Descriptive summary of discrete variables

From: Factors affecting farmers’ participation in watershed management programs in the Northeastern highlands of Ethiopia: a case study in the Teleyayen sub-watershed

Variables Participant (N = 176) Non-participant (N = 39) Chi-square value Asymp. sig (2-sided)
Number % Number %
Educational status of the HH head
 Literate 44 25 15 38.5 2.906 0.088
 Illiterate 132 75 24 61.5   
Gender of the HH head
 Male 134 76.1 38 97.4 9.052* 0.003
 Female 42 23.9 1 2.6   
Access to PSNP
 Yes 43 24.4 4 10.3 3.756 0.053
 No 133 75.6 35 89.7   
Access to credit services
 Yes 133 75.6 33 84.6 1.485 0.223
 No 43 24.4 6 15.4   
Land tenure security
 Yes 55 31.2 22 56.4 8.792* 0.003
 No 121 68.8 17 43.6   
Access to off-farm income
 Yes 31 17.6 8 20.5 0.181 0.671
 No 145 82.4 31 79.5   
Stakeholder support
 Yes 67 38 16 41 0.118 0.731
 No 109 62 23 59