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Table 1 Major forests groups of Indian forest and their area

From: A systematic review on the aboveground biomass and carbon stocks of Indian forest ecosystems

Major group Group Area (mha) % Area
I. Moist tropical forest 1. Tropical wet-evergreen forest 4.5 5.8
  2. Tropical semi-evergreen forest 1.9 2.5
  3. Tropical moist deciduous forest 23.3 30.3
  4. Littoral and swamp forest 0.7 0.9
II. Dry tropical forest 5. Tropical dry deciduous forest 29.4 38.2
  6. Tropical thorn forest 5.2 6.7
  7. Tropical dry evergreen forest 0.1 0.1
III. Montane subtropical forest 8. Subtropical broad-leaved hill forest 0.3 0.4
  9. Subtropical pine forest 3.7 5.0
  10. Subtropical dry evergreen forest 0.2 0.2
IV. Montane temperate forest 11. Montane wet temperate forest 1.6 2.0
  12. Himalayan moist temperate forest 2.6 3.4
  13. Himalayan dry temperate forest 0.2 0.2
V. Subalpine forest 14. Subalpine forest
VI. Alpine Scrub 15. Moist – alpine scrub 3.3 4.3
  1. Based on Champion and Seth (1968)