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Table 1 Experimental details indicating specific tree crop combination and their distribution in the study area

From: Biomass production and carbon stock inventory of high-altitude dry temperate land use systems in North Western Himalaya

Land use system/elevation range Code Tree-crop combination Plot size m2 Net cropped area (ha) Area under trees (ha) Area under grasses ha No. of trees ha−1 Average age of the tree component
Agriculture A   50 × 20      
 1900–2170 m   Pea – Maize, Wheat – Rajmash   1.00 Annual
 2170–2440 m   Barley – Rajmash,   1.00 Annual
 2440–2710 m   Peas – cabbage   1.00 Annual
Horticulture H   50 × 20      
 1900–2170 m   Apple   1.00 185 25 year (A)
 2170–2440 m   Apple   1.00 212 20 year (A)
 2440–2710 m   Apple   1.00 400 18 year (A)
Agri-horticulture AH   50 × 20      
 1900–2170 m   Apple + Peas – Maize, Apple + Wheat – Rajmash, Apple + Barley – Rajmash   0.9 1.0 185 25 year (A)
 2170–2440 m   Apple – Peas – Cabbage, Apple + Wheat – Rajmash, Apple + Barley – Rajmash   0.9 1.0 212 20 year (A)
 2440–2710 m   Apple + Wheat – Rajmash, Apple + Barley – Rajmash,   0.9 1.0 400 18 year (A)
Agri-horti-silviculture AHS   50 × 20      
 1900–2170 m   Robinia + Apple – Pea + Maize, Ailanthus altissima + Apple – Pea + Maize,   0.3 0.4 55 ~40 year (R)
Salix tetraperma + Apple + Pea – Maize   0.4 0.3 63 ~40 year (B-S)
 2170–2440 m   Robinia + Apple + Pea – Cabbage, Populus ciliata + Apple + Wheat – Rajmash     120 ~50 year (A-I)
Cedrus deodara + Apple + Barley – Rajmash   0.5 0.2 100 ~60 year (F-S)
 24,410–2710 m   Cedrus deodara + Apple + Wheat – Rajmash, P. gerardiana + Apple +Wheat – Rajmash, Cedrus deodara + Apple + Barley– Rajmash     100 60 cm diameter (C)
Silvipasture SP   50 × 20      26.4 cm diameter (P)
 1900–2170 m   Pinus gerardiana + Grasses + Artemisia inbia + A. brevifolia   0.4 0.6 160 ~70 year (A-I)
 2170–2440 m   Pinus gerardiana + A. brevifolia + Grasses   0.5 0.5 171 ~70 year (Ab)
 2440–2710 m   Cedrus deodara + A.brevifolia + Lespedeiza gerardiana + Grasses   0.7 0.3 159 60 cm diameter (C)
Barren land BL   50 × 20      
 1900–2170 m   Artemisia inbia + Grasses, Artemisia inbia + Grasses, Myrsine species + Grasses   0.4 0.6 50 ~70 year (A-I)
 2170–2440 m   A. inbia + Grasses, A. inbia + Grasses, A.brevifolia + Grasses   0.3 0.7 60 ~60 year (L)
 2440–2710 m   Grasses + Lespedeiza gerardiana, Grasses + Lespedeiza gerardiana, Grasses + Lespedeiza gerardiana   0.4 0.6 50 ~60 year (Ab)
  1. A, apple; P, Pinus gerardiana; C, Cedrus deodara; B-S, Ailanthus altissima; F-S, Populus ciliata; S, Salix tetraperma; A-I, Artemisia inbia; Ab, A. brevifolia; L, Lespedezia gerardiana; R, Robinia