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Table 4 Thinning specifications, bio-energy scenario. Con. stands for coniferous and dec. for decideous

From: Forestry projections for species diversity-oriented management: an example from Central Europe

Stand type Phase Starts at top height [m] Species Operation Frequency Number of future crop trees Number of competitors Target diameter % of targeted removed per intervention Maximum volume removed per intervention [Vfm ha−1]
Coniferous Precommercial 12 Coniferous Thinning from below 5      30
Broadleaved Thinning from below 5      30
16 Coniferous Thinning from below 5      60
Broadleaved Thinning from below 5      60
Harvest 28 Coniferous Shelterwood cutting over 5
5
     500
35 years
Broadleaved Shelterwood cutting over 5      500
Broadleaved Precommercial 0 Coniferous Removal of broadleaveda 5 1000 All within    25
Broadleaved Removal of broadleaveda 5      25
17 Coniferous Thinning from below 5      35
Broadleaved Thinning from below 5      35
Harvest 30 Coniferous Shelterwood cutting over 5      500
Broadleaved Shelterwood cutting over 5      500
Oak Precommercial 12 Coniferous Thinning from above 5      25
Broadleaved Thinning from above 5      25
17 Coniferous Thinning from above 5      50
Broadleaved Thinning from above 5      50
Harvest 30 Coniferous Target diameter felling 5    30 100 500
Broadleaved Target diameter felling 5    30 100 500
  1. aThrough selection of 1000 coniferous future crop trees per hectares and removal of all competitors within 10 m radius