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Table 5 Thinning specifications, multifunctional scenario. Con. stands for coniferous and dec. for decideous

From: Forestry projections for species diversity-oriented management: an example from Central Europe

Stand type Phase Starts at top height [m] Species Operation Frequency Number of future crop trees Number of competitors Target diameter % of targeted removed per intervention Maximum Volume removed per intervention [Vfm ha−1]
Coniferous Precommercial 0 Coniferous Removal of coniferousa 5      25
Broadleaved Removal of coniferousa 5 1000 All within    25
10 m radius
12 Coniferous Selective clearing 5 100 1 around con    55
150b 2 around dec
Broadleaved Selective clearing 5 100 1 around con    55
2 around dec
25 Coniferous Selective clearing 5 150 1 around con    140
200b 2 around dec
Broadleaved Selective clearing 5 100 1 around con    140
2 around dec
Harvest 32 Coniferous Target diameter felling 5 100 con 1 45 con 30 80
50 dec 65 dec
Broadleaved Target diameter felling 5 100 con 1 45 con 30 80
50 dec 65 dec
Broadleaved Precommercial 12 Coniferous Selective clearing 5 100 3 around con    30
150b 2 around dec
Broadleaved Selective clearing 5 150 3 around con    30
2 around dec
17 Coniferous Selective clearing 5 200 1    70
150b
Broadleaved Selective clearing 5 100 1    70
Harvest 30 Coniferous Target diameter felling 5 100   45 20 80
Broadleaved Target diameter felling 5 50   65 20 80
60c
Oak Precommercial 12 Coniferous Thinning from above 5      30, 70d
Broadleaved Thinning from above 5      30, 70d
Harvest 30 Coniferous Target diameter felling 5    30 100 500
Broadleaved Target diameter felling 5    30 100 500
Oak Target diameter felling 5 60 All within 65 100 500
  1. aThrough selection of 1000 broadleaved future crop trees per hectares and removal of all competitors within 10 m radius
  2. bPine, larch
  3. cOak
  4. dStarting from 17 m