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Table 6 LULC transition matrix showing major changes in the landscape 2004–2016 (%)

From: Competition for land resources: driving forces and consequences in crop-livestock production systems of the Ethiopian highlands

  To final state (2016)
Bushland Grazing land Crop land Plantation Settlement Rock Total 2004 Loss
From the initial state (2004)
Bushland 185.0 64.2 20.4 10.1 0.8 0.0 280.9 95.5
Grazing land 55.9 134.6 113.2 14.7 0.4 0.0 318.7 184.1
Cropland 13.9 167.8 1125.4 74.2 42.8 0.0 1424.0 298.6
Plantation 3.7 57.7 26.6 278.6 2.7 0.0 369.3 90.6
Settlement 0.4 2.5 24.6 1.9 3.1 0.0 32.4 29.3
Rock 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
        1726.1  
Total (2016) 259.2 426.5 1310.1 379.4 49.1 0.0   
Gain 73.8 292.1 184.8 100.8 46.7 0.0   
Net change − 21.7 108.0 − 113.9 10.2 17.4 0.0   
Net persistence − 0.1 0.8 − 0.1 0.0 5.7 0.0