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Table 7 LULC transition matrix showing major changes in the landscape 1984–2016 (%)

From: Competition for land resources: driving forces and consequences in crop-livestock production systems of the Ethiopian highlands

  To final state (2016)
Bushland Grazing land Crop land Plantation Settlement Total 1984 Loss
From the initial state (1984)
Bushland 199.6 95.0 23.4 5.9 0.0 323.9 124.3
Grazing land 50.2 194.4 460.2 179.8 8.0 892.6 698.2
Cropland 5.8 116.6 782.7 184.1 39.8 1129.0 346.2
Plantation 3.6 20.7 43.8 9.6 2.0 79.9 70.1
Settlement 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
       1186.3  
Total (2016) 259.2 426.5 1310.1 379.4 49.1   
Gain 59.6 232.3 527.4 369.8 49.1   
Net change − 64.7 − 465.9 181.2 299.7 49.1   
Net persistence − 0.3 − 2.4 0.2 31.1