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Table 1 Land-use practices at four locations in the farm and their physical characteristics. During the experimental design stage, two out of the four transects were considered as replicates for the 3-year-old reforested riparian (RR) and the corresponding cropland (CP) and bare riparian (BR) land-uses for this time-period. Similarly, the other two transects for the 6-year-old RR, and the corresponding CP, and BR land-uses

From: Characterizing selected soil attributes of different land-use management to assess reforestation benefits of deforested riparian buffers

Land-uses Slope aspect Proximity to the creek Vegetation character
Replicate 1 for the 6-year-old reforest
6 yr-cropland-1 ~ 10–15% upslope, ~ 40 m from 6 yr reforested riprian-1
~ 50 m from creek
Wheat-pasture rotation, now in pasture phase
6 yr-reforested riparian-1 ~ 3% downslope, ~ 230 m from 6 yr-bare riparian-1 < 5 m away from creek bank Well re-established forest, 5–10-m-tall, thick litter on ground
6 yr-bare riparian-1 ~ 3% downslope, ~ 164 m from 6 yr-cropland-1 < 5 m from creek bank  
Replicate-2 for the 6-year-old reforest
6 yr-cropland-2 ~ 5–10% midslope, ~ 150 m from 6 yr reforested riparian-2 < 10 m away from the creek bank Wheat-pasture rotation, now in wheat phase
6 yr-reforested riparian-2 Relatively flat, ~ 165 m from 6 yr bare riparian-2 < 5 m away from creek bank Well-established 5–10-m-tall stand, thick litter on ground
6 yr-bare riparian-2 Relatively flat < 5 m away from creek bank  
Replicate 3 for the 3-year-old reforest
3 yr-cropland-1 ~ 10% midslope, ~ 146 m from 3 yr reforested riparian ~ 100 m from creek bank Wheat-pasture rotation, now in pasture phase
3 yr-reforested riparin-1 < 2% downslope < 5 m away from creek bank Not so well established < 5 m tall stand
Replicate 4 for the 3-year-old reforest
3 yr-cropland-2 ~ 10% midslope, ~ 550 m from 3 yr-cropland-1 ~ 50 m from creek bank Wheat-pasture rotation, now in pasture phase
3 yr-reforested riparian-2 < 3% downslope, ~ 170 m from 3 yr-cropland-2 < 5 m away from creek bank Not so well-established 5-m-tall stand, thick litter
3 yr-bare riparin-2 < 3% downslope, ~ 90 m from 3 yr reforested riparian-2 < 5 m away from creek bank  
  1. The 3-year-old RR along one out of the four transects is abbreviated as 3 yr-reforested riparian-1, and the corresponding CP as 3 yr-cropland-1 and the BR as 3 yr-bare riparian-1. Similar abbreviations; 3 yr-regorested riparian-2, 3 yr-cropland-2, 3 yr-bare riparian-2 are used for second 3-year-old RR, CP and BR land-uses, and for the two 6-year-old RR and the corresponding CP and BR land-use practices along the other three transects