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Table 4 The summary of mean separation analysis for electrical conductivity (EC) and pH distributions at 0.10 m depth increments and for the total dissolved solutes (TDS-total) in soil profiles along the four transects to determine whether they were impacted by land-use practices and/or the physical locations of the transects in the farm. During the experimental design stage, two out of the four transects were considered as replicates for the 3-year-old reforested riparian (RR) and the corresponding cropland (CP) and bare riparian (BR) land-uses and the other two transects as replicates for the 6-year-old RR, CP and BR land-uses

From: Characterizing selected soil attributes of different land-use management to assess reforestation benefits of deforested riparian buffers

Land-use Electrical conductivity (EC) in the profile sections
dS/m
TDS-pool
mg/L
Depth increments (m)
0.00–0.10 0.10–0.20 0.20–0.30 0.30–0.40 0.00–0.40
Replicate 1 for 6-year-old reforest
6 yr-cropland-1 0.227 A,c 0.098 B,b 0.090 B,b 0.093 B,e 325.1 f
6 yr-bare riparian-1 0.203 A,a 0.233 B,d 0.251 C,e 0.223 D,f 576.0 g
6 yr-reforested riparian-1 0.177 A,f 0.151 B,c 0.140 C,f 0.147 C,g 393.6 h
Replicate 2 for 6-year-old reforest
6 yr-cropland-2 0.197 A,a 0.117 B,a 0.100 C,b 0.100 C,e 329.0 f
6 yr-bare riparian-2 0.180 A,f 0.163 B,c 0.170 A,c 0.227 C,f 435.2 i
6 yr-reforested riparian-2 0.107 A,g 0.097 B,b 0.167C,c 0.207 D,h 369.9 j
Replicate 3 for 3-year-old reforest
3 yr-cropland-1 0.197 A,a 0.110 B,a 0.077 C,a 0.070 D,a 290.6 a
3 yr-reforested riparian-1 0.083 A,b 0.080 A,b 0.087 B,b 0.023 C,b 174.7 b
Replicate 4 for 3-year-old reforest
3 yr-cropland-2 0.230 A,c 0.110 B,a 0.070 C,a 0.077 C,a 311.7 c
3 yr-bare riparian-2 0.347 A,d 0.180 B,c 0.183 B,c 0.260 C,d 620.8 d
3 yr-reforested riparian-2 0.253 A,e 0.167 B,c 0.169 B,d 0.117 C,c 451.8 e
  Soil pH in the profile sections
0–0.10 0.10–0.20 0.20–0.30 0.30–0.40  
Replicate 1 for 6-year-old reforest
6 yr-cropland-1 6.9 A,c 6.5 B,b 6.8 A,b 7.2 C,b  
6 yr-bare riparian-1 8.0 A,e 8.4 B,d 8.6 C,d 8.7 C,c  
6 yr-reforested riparian-1 7.1 A,d 7.8 B,c 8.0 C,c 8.3 D,c  
Replicate 2 for 6-year-old reforest
6 yr-cropland-2 6.6 A,c 6.1 B,b 6.3 B,e 6.7 A,a  
6 yr-bare riparian-2 7.0 A,d 7.1 A,e 7.8 B,c 8.3 C,c  
6 yr-reforested riparian-2 5.9 A,a 6.5 B,b 7.3 C,f 7.8 D,d  
Replicate3 for 3-year-old reforest
3 yr-cropland-1 5.7 A,a 5.3 B,a 5.8 A,a 6.5 C,a  
3 yr-reforested riparian-1 5.7 A,a 6.2 B,b 6.7 C,b 7.1 D,b  
Replicate 4 for 3-year-old reforest
3 yr-cropland-2 6.1 A,b 5.5 B,a 5.8 C,a 6.2 A,a  
3 yr-bare riparian-2 6.5 A,c 6.4 A,b 6.9 A,b 7.3 B,b  
3 yr-reforested riparian-2 7.5 A,d 8.0 B,c 8.2 B,c 8.3 B,c  
  1. Same block letter(s) in a given row or small letter(s) in a given column indicate the means are not significantly different at P < 0.05. The 3-year-old RR along one out of the four transects is abbreviated as 3 yr-reforested riparian-1, and the corresponding CP as 3 yr-cropland-1 and the BR as 3 yr-bare riparian-1. Similar abbreviations; 3 yr-reforested riparian-2, 3 yr-cropland-2, 3 yr-bare riparian-2 are used for the second 3-year-old RR, the corresponding CP and BR land-uses along the second transect. The abbreviations for the two 6-year-old RR and the corresponding CP and BR land-use practices along the other two transect are similar to what has been used for the 3-year-old RR transects land-uses