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Table 8 Mean seasonal ET (and standard deviation) from ET-Amazon parsed by land cover and land use class (http://due.esrin.esa.int/page_globcover.php)

From: The spatial variability of actual evapotranspiration across the Amazon River Basin based on remote sensing products validated with flux towers

Land cover Area (km2) Area (%) JFM (mm) AMJ (mm) JAS (mm) OND (mm) Annual (mm/year)
Sparse vegetation 10,889.6 0.2 76.4 (13.9) 40.4 (18.4) 25.8 (16.9) 48.2 (20.5) 572.1
Mosaic grassland/forest-shrubland 6033.7 0.1 76.7 (12.1) 38.4 (13.7) 21.8 (12.6) 44.3 (15.7) 543.7
Artificial areas 753.0 0.1 82.0 (18.9) 58.5 (27.5) 52.2 (36.4) 71.3 (32.4) 792.0
Bare areas 6560.1 0.1 85.0 (17.4) 57.1 (26.0) 46.7 (32.3) 68.1 (30.9) 770.5
Closed to open grassland 76,620.0 1.3 93.1 (16.9) 71.9 (18.1) 60.4 (31.4) 83.0 (25.8) 924.9
Mosaic forest-shrubland/grassland 19,498.7 0.3 93.9 (18.2) 70.5 (25.7) 58.2 (34.4) 79.8 (30.1) 907.0
Closed to open shrubland 249,490.8 4.3 95.3 (19.3) 74.0 (24.5) 62.5 (35.1) 86.1 (27.8) 953.6
Open broadleaved deciduous forest 308.8 0.1 104.4 (15.7) 65.9 (19.4) 45.5 (23.1) 81.3 (21.0) 891.1
Rainfed croplands 943.7 1.1 108.5 (12.3) 70.9 (16.1) 44.0 (21.3) 91.2 (19.5) 943.7
Closed to open vegetation regularly flooded 97,001.6 1.7 109.8 (10.0) 93.9 (13.7) 96.8 (26.7) 113.7 (14.3) 1242.7
Mosaic croplands/vegetation 233,958.2 4.0 109.9 (11.8) 88.4 (17.8) 73.7 (28.3) 104.2 (17.9) 1128.7
Mosaic vegetation/croplands 87,718.3 1.5 111.5 (12.9) 81.6 (18.1) 64.2 (29.3) 99.7 (19.2) 1070.9
Closed to open broadleaved forest regularly flooded (fresh-brackish water) 176,586.0 3.0 115.0 (7.2) 105.6 (7.6) 118.1 (16.6) 122.4 (9.0) 1383.1
Closed to open broadleaved evergreen or semi-deciduous forest 4,690,468.8 80.1 116.4 (8.1) 105.4 (9.2) 114.7 (18.5) 122.2 (10.9) 1376.0
Closed broadleaved deciduous forest 51,243.9 1.0 117.2 (10.0) 74.1 (17.1) 57.4 (19.0) 98.5 (16.5) 1041.5
Closed broadleaved forest permanently flooded (saline-brackish water) 53.5 0.1 121.3 (8.9) 99.1 (11.7) 99.5 (17.0) 123.6 (10.9) 1330.1