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Table 4 Descriptive statistics for the variables used in this study: mean and standard deviation (SD)

From: Valuing the water supply: ecosystem-based potable water supply management for the Legedadie-Dire catchments, Central Ethiopia

Variables Description Mean SD Min Max
Age Age of the household head 45.32 15.23 20 80
Head = 1 if the household head is male and zero otherwise. 0.48 2.74 0 1
Marital status = 1 for those who are married and zero otherwise 0.70 0.45 0 1
Family size Number of household members or family size 5.42 2.62 1 21
Living Number of years the household has lived in the town 35.32 15.41 1 70
Housing = 1 if households possess own house and zero otherwise 0.58 0.51 0 1
Education Household head’s education level (from illiterate to advanced degrees) 5.491 1.87 1 9
Employment = 1 if the household head is permanently employed and zero otherwise 0.52 0.49 0 1
Income Average monthly income of the household (in 000) 5.592 2.59 2.703 19.643
Standard of living = 1 if the household’s standard of living has improved compared to 10 years ago and zero otherwise 0.33 0.47 0 1
Latrine facility = 1 if the household has an installed private latrine facility at home and zero otherwise 0.99 0.233 0 1
[Piped water] = 1 if the household has installed piped water at home and zero otherwise 0.94 0.234 0 1
[Taste of water] = 1 if household is satisfied by the taste of the water provided by the source and zero otherwise 0.49 0.500 0 1
[Interruptions/water cut] Number of water-cut days per week 2.25 1.156 2 6
[Shortage] Hours of the day that the household often experiences water shortages 10.57 6.965 2 24
[Travel time] Walking or travel time to the water point and back in minutes 1.10 0.415 1 2
[Dysentery] = 1 if the household has faced dysentery over the past 12 months and zero otherwise 0.14 0.350 0 1
[Satisfaction] = 1 if the household is satisfied by the overall water supply system and zero otherwise 0.51 0.513 0 1
[Health risk] = 1 if the household believed that the supplied water is risk-free and zero otherwise 0.43 0.495 0 1
[Vendor] =1 if the household purchases water from vendors and 0 otherwise 0.15 0.35 0 1
[Participation] = 1 if the household is willing to participate in meetings and workshops on water supply issues and zero otherwise 0.67 0.468 0 1
[Management] = 1 if the household prefers the AAWSA to manage the improved water supply and zero otherwise 0.70 0.460 0 1
Quality = 1 if the household has access to risk-free standard quality water for drinking and cooking daily and zero otherwise 0.49 0.500 0 1
Quantity = 1 if the household has access to enough water for drinking and cooking daily and zero otherwise 0.50 0.500 0 1
Pressure = 1 if the water pressure is below normal (40–55 PSI) and zero otherwise 0.498 0.500 0 1
Price Payment options for available alternatives 23.51 7.64 12.5 36
WTP = 1 if the household is willing to pay for EBWSM interventions and zero otherwise 0.78 0.415 0 1
Contribution One-off lump sum kickoff payment in ETB (tens) by the household for source watershed management activities 150.55 472.92 0 2000
  Valid N (listwise) 295   
  1. NB: sociodemographic variables (italic), specific water attributes (bracketed), bundle choice option (bold) and payment variables (normal)