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Table 8 Coefficient estimates of the multivariate probit model (p values in parentheses)

From: Factors that influence the implementation of sustainable land management practices by rural households in Tigrai region, Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Dependent variables (choice of SLM practices)
Physical measures Agoforestry Agronomic Indigenous
Households characteristics
 Years of schooling − 0.043 (0.25) − 0.055 (0.1) − 0.0014 (0.9) 0.075 (0.1)
 Labor availability 0.099 (0.07) − 0.217 (0.02) − 0.056 (0.5) 0.1009 (0.36)
 Dummy male − 0.185 (0.5) 0.275 (0.86) 0.673 (0.05) − 0.972 (0.01)
Farming system-related variables
 Plot size 0.183 (0.04) 0.027 (0.75) 0.017 (0.81) − 0.204 (0.04)
 Farm input 0.00025 (0.08) 0.00032 (0.01) 0.00022 (0.08) − 0.00035 (0.04)
 Irrigation access 0.33 (0.45) 0.468 (0.1) 0.015 (0.96) − 2.979 (0.97)
 Zero-grazing 0.943 (0.000) 0.101 (0.74) − 0.119 (0.68) − 0.742 (0.03)
Plot level attributes and agro-ecology
 Gentle slope (steep as a reference) − 0.426 (0.09) 0.662 (0.04) 0.700 (0.03) − 0.472 (0.2)
 Medium slope (steep as a reference) − 0.38 (0.1) 0.398 (0.1) 0.576 (0.04) − 0.329 (0.34)
 Begashka (Hintalo as a reference) 1.747 (0.000) 0.28 (0.5) 0.16 (0.71) − 2.463 (0.000)
 Kaal-amin (Hintalo as a reference) 1.666 (0.000) − 0.58 (0.1) − 0.311 (0.48) − 2.672 (0.000)
Institutional supports and infrastructure
 Extension service − 0.008 (0.02) − 0.00068 (0.8) − 0.00016 (0.96) 0.011 (0.01)
 Market access 0.001 (0.8) − 0.008 (0.06) − 0.006 (0.1) 0.003 (0.5)
 Credit access − 0.655 (0.002) 0.428 (0.09) 0.527 (0.03) − 0.412 (0.1)
 Constant 0.194 (0.85) − 2.111 (0.06) − 1.693 (0.08) 0.954 (0.42)
 Model summary Log likelihood = − 184.11 Likelihood ratio test Chi2 (21) = 16.7, Prob > chi2 = 0.000 Prob > chi2 = 0.0011 Log likelihood = − 184.11