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Table 1 Multiple ANOVAs and means for regeneration treatments (AR aggregated retention, RT near a remnant tree in the dispersed retention, DR dispersed retention, R roads, MONO under monocot plants, DICO under dicot plants, D under debris) and stands for distance to aggregate edge (DIST, m), basal area (BA, m2 ha−1), crown and debris cover (CC, %), leaf area index (LAI), volumetric soil water content (VSW, %), diffuse radiation (DIFR, W m−2), direct radiation (DIRR, W m−2), global radiation (GR, W m−2 ), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) below understory plants and debris (PAR-B, μmol m−2 s−1), and PAR above understory plants and debris (PAR-A, μmol m−2 s−1)

From: Suitable conditions for natural regeneration in variable retention harvesting of southern Patagonian Nothofagus pumilio forests

  DIST BA CC LAI VSW DIFR DIRR GR PAR-B PAR-A
Treatment AR 18.7 77.5 b 72.65 c 1.85 b 23.7 a 2.3 a 9.5 a 11.8 a 3.6 a 3.6 a
RT 20.9 17.6 a 51.61 b 0.64 a 25.7 a 4.0 b 18.3 b 22.4 b 50.6 de 88.5 d
DR 23.0 12.2 a 40.54 a 0.33 a 41.2 c 4.8 bc 23.2 c 28.1 c 69.3 e 82.4 d
R 20.0 16.0 a 44.08 ab 0.40 a 39.6 bc 5.5 c 22.3 bc 27.8 c 65.7 de 75.7 cd
MONO 21.6 13.6 a 46.60 ab 0.56 a 38.4 bc 4.7 bc 20.9 bc 25.7 bc 48.6 cd 69.1 cd
DICO 20.1 19.0 a 48.42 ab 0.58 a 31.3 ab 4.2 bc 20.4 bc 24.6 bc 24.7 b 52.4 bc
D 20.7 13.0 a 52.32 b 0.68 a 31.2 ab 4.6 bc 19.1 bc 23.7 bc 29.0 bc 44.8 b
F 0.66 84.36 17.62 16.57 9.48 10.63 21.20 19.85 25.42 27.69
(p) 0.682 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Stand 1 24.7 b 22.30 52.69 0.81 33.8 ab 4.3 18.2 22.5 39.3 46.9 a
2 19.7 a 24.30 48.78 0.66 35.4 b 4.5 20.0 24.5 45.1 68.8 b
3 18.1 a 25.80 51.20 0.69 29.8 a 4.1 19.1 23.2 40.5 62.6 b
F 10.65 1.09 1.47 1.05 3.89 0.98 1.82 1.55 1.01 9.63
(p) < 0.001 0.339 0.236 0.354 0.024 0.379 0.168 0.218 0.369 < 0.001
Interaction F 0.99 3.08 3.11 2.31 1.33 2.57 3.70 3.48 1.47 2.69
(p) 0.468 0.001 0.001 0.013 0.219 0.006 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.152 0.004
  1. F Fisher’s test, (p) probability. Letters indicate differences using Tukey’s test (p < 0.05). Text in italics is used to differentiate between the value of statistical parameter (F and p) and other values