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Table 2 Multiple ANOVAs and means for regeneration treatments (AR aggregated retention, RT near a remnant tree in the dispersed retention, DR dispersed retention, R roads, MONO under monocot plants, DICO under dicot plants, D under debris) and stands for: height (H, cm), root length (RL, cm), number of leaves (L), leaf area (LA, cm2), leaves’ weight (LW, g), stem weight (SW, g), fine root weight (FRW, g), gross root weight (GRW, g), above ground weight (AGW, g), below ground weight (BGW, g), total weight (TW, g), ratio between above and below ground weight (RW), and leaf conductance (LC, mmol m−2 s−1)

From: Suitable conditions for natural regeneration in variable retention harvesting of southern Patagonian Nothofagus pumilio forests

  H RL L LA LW SW FRW GRW AGW BGW TW RW LC
Treatment AR 11.1 a 17.9 a 14.2 a 19.95 a 0.15 a 0.24 a 0.07 a 0.28 a 0.39 a 0.35 a 0.74 a 1.22 ab 40.0
RT 13.1 a 24.3 abc 48.8 ab 41.65 ab 0.42 ab 0.65 ab 0.22 ab 0.75 ab 1.07 ab 0.97 ab 2.04 ab 1.07 a 64.5
DR 24.4 bc 31.1 cd 118.9 c 103.04 cd 0.91 cd 1.80 bc 0.36 b 1.56 cd 2.71 cd 1.92 cd 4.62 cd 1.37 ab 95.4
R 20.6 ab 23.1 ab 71.5 bc 59.82 abc 0.55 abc 1.07 abc 0.32 b 0.89 abc 1.61 abc 1.20 bc 2.82 abc 1.26 ab 63.4
MONO 24.5 bc 27.3 bcd 80.2 bc 69.15 bc 0.64 bcd 1.88 bc 0.22 ab 1.35 bcd 2.52 bcd 1.57 bcd 4.09 bcd 1.67 ab 83.8
DICO 33.3 c 32.2 d 113.3 c 108.30 cd 0.91 cd 2.42 d 0.41 b 1.78 d 3.33 d 2.19 d 5.52 d 1.90 ab 78.1
D 33.9 c 29.6 bcd 104.1 c 137.07 d 1.00 d 2.61 d 0.39 b 1.43 cd 3.61 d 1.82 cd 5.44 d 2.03 b 58.5
F 13.18 9.04 10.89 12.91 10.53 10.67 5.74 10.97 11.17 11.49 12.08 2.85 2.12
(p) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.014 0.059
Stand 1 25.0 b 28.5 b 94.4 b 94.14 b 0.75 b 1.82 b 0.35 b 1.31 b 2.57 b 1.67 b 4.24 b 1.53 59.9 a
2 24.6 ab 28.5 b 84.0 b 81.19 b 0.69 ab 1.67 ab 0.30 ab 1.23 ab 2.36 ab 1.53 b 3.89 b 1.66 61.6 a
3 19.3 a 22.5 a 57.8 a 55.66 a 0.52 a 1.07 a 0.19 a 0.90 a 1.60 a 1.09 a 2.70 a 1.33 85.9 b
F 4.00 9.94 6.33 6.84 3.66 4.81 6.26 4.31 4.81 5.93 5.68 1.31 3.16
(p) 0.022 < 0.001 0.003 0.002 0.030 0.010 0.003 0.016 0.011 0.004 0.005 0.275 0.047
Interaction F 0.81 1.20 1.81 1.23 1.02 1.04 1.73 1.39 1.03 1.67 1.27 0.62 1.48
(p) 0.639 0.297 0.060 0.277 0.434 0.420 0.075 0.186 0.431 0.087 0.253 0.821 0.149
  1. F Fisher’s test, (p) probability. Letters indicates differences using Tukey’s test (p < 0.05). Text in italics is used to differentiate between the value of statistical parameters (F and p) and other values