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Table 3 Multiple ANOVAs and means for regeneration treatments (AR aggregated retention, RT near a remnant tree in the dispersed retention, DR dispersed retention, R roads, MONO under monocot plants, DICO under dicot plants, D under debris) and stands for regeneration: density (RD, thousand ha−1), age (RA, years), height (RH, cm), and growth (RG, cm year−1)

From: Suitable conditions for natural regeneration in variable retention harvesting of southern Patagonian Nothofagus pumilio forests

  RD RA RH RG
Treatment AR 906.9 b 2.9 a 5.9 a 1.97 a
RT 107.8 a 3.9 bc 9.7 ab 2.45 ab
DR 119.8 a 4.1 c 15.6 bc 3.65 ab
R 115.1 a 3.6 b 13.4 b 3.56 ab
MONO 158.2 a 4.0 bc 16.7 bc 4.05 bc
DICO 145.3 a 4.2 c 26.9 d 6.37 d
D 197.3 a 3.7 b 22.2 cd 5.68 cd
F 15.57 17.42 16.99 15.50
(p) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Stand 1 270.8 b 4.0 b 18.7 b 4.40 b
2 372.5 b 3.6 a 15.9 ab 4.16 ab
3 106.8 a 3.7 a 12.8 a 3.33 a
F 7.69 9.88 6.73 4.51
(p) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.002 0.014
Interaction F 7.57 1.18 1.98 1.79
(p) < 0.001 0.309 0.036 0.062
  1. F Fisher’s test; (p) probability. Letters indicates differences using Tukey’s test (p < 0.05). Text in italics is used to differentiate between the value of statistical parameters (F and p) and other values