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Fig. 5 | Ecological Processes

Fig. 5

From: Variable retention forestry in European boreal forests in Russia

Fig. 5

a The examples of two clear-cuts with uncut patches made in 1969 in the middle boreal forest, 100 km to the west of Petrozavodsk, the Republic of Karelia on the aerial image taken in July 1969. b Forest succession after clear felling with uncut patches (u) made in 1969 (a) (white contours) and recent different aged clear-cut areas (yellow contours) with dispersed and aggregated retention on forest edges and in islands. The forested area also encompasses key biotopes and water buffer patches outside the harvesting area

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