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Table 2 For 1996 deer densities, mean estimated deer density (deer/km2), deer density classes (1 < 5.8 deer/km2, 2 = 5.8 to 11.6 deer/km2, 3 > 11.6 deer/km2), sample size, P value, and mean comparisons for significant results of generalized linear mixed models of deer density class to percent of understocked forestland area by county, mean percent of understocked forestland area, and frequency of counties with ≥ 50% of area understocked

From: Does white-tailed deer density affect tree stocking in forests of the Eastern United States?

Province Density Class N P   % understock Freq understock
Adirondack-New England Mixed 3.25 1 21 0.1607   31 0
Adirondack-New England Mixed   2 8    35 0
Central Appalachian Broadleaf 8.33 1 23 0.0716   48 57
Central Appalachian Broadleaf   2 61    46 39
Central Appalachian Broadleaf   3 54    44 28
Central Interior Broadleaf 6.97 1 45 0.0379 AB 53 51
Central Interior Broadleaf   2 135   A 54 60
Central Interior Broadleaf   3 100   B 57 75
Eastern Broadleaf 7.17 1 67 0.146   53 54
Eastern Broadleaf   2 78    52 58
Eastern Broadleaf   3 68    57 71
Laurentian Mixed 6.74 1 19 < 0.0001 A 41 5
Laurentian Mixed   2 40   A 40 18
Laurentian Mixed   3 39   B 48 36
Lower Mississippi Riverine 8.71 1 27 0.6534   47 44
Lower Mississippi Riverine   2 7    53 71
Lower Mississippi Riverine   3 27    54 63
Midwest Broadleaf 5.85 1 111 0.7721   55 61
Midwest Broadleaf   2 91    56 66
Midwest Broadleaf   3 60    58 82
Northeastern Mixed 6.48 1 4 0.2933   37 0
Northeastern Mixed   2 29    39 24
Northeastern Mixed   3 19    44 21
Outer Coastal Plain Mixed 8.15 1 46 < 0.0001 A 62 83
Outer Coastal Plain Mixed   2 168   B 50 46
Outer Coastal Plain Mixed   3 173   C 47 46
Prairie 2.96 1 202 0.3519   53 54
Prairie   2 68    57 69
Prairie   3 6    38 33
Southeastern Mixed 10.09 1 33 0.3972   53 52
Southeastern Mixed   2 141    46 33
Southeastern Mixed   3 216    48 41