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Table 2 Mean biomass, height and photosynthesis rate of cattail and surface water and soil nutrients in reference, transition, and impacted zone of the Florida Everglades (Water Conservation Area 2A). Except data for cattail photosynthesis (Wang et al. 2015), all data are taken from Miao and Sklar (1997)

From: Environmental stress and eutrophication in freshwater wetlands: evidence from carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes in cattail (Typha domingensis Pers.)

Variable Reference Transition Impacted
Plant height (cm) 220 230 260
Photosynthesis rate (μmol CO2 m−2 s−1) 10.4 ± 0.5 14.3 ± 0.6 23.5 ± 1.6
Surface water TP (mg L−1) 0.061 ± 0.007 0.011 ± 0.001 0.005 ± 0.001
Surface water TN (mg L−1) 2.4 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.0 2.1 ± 0.1
Soil TP (mg kg−1) 441 ± 78 720 ± 89 1305 ± 105
Soil TN (mg kg−1) 27.2 ± 2.8 28.2 ± 1.2 31.1 ± 0.7