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Table 3 Transition among majority shade tolerance and oak and pine groups by ecological subsection (N) between older and newer tree surveys, adjusted for comparison

From: Recent shifts in shade tolerance and disturbance traits in forests of the eastern United States

Region Transition N % of subsections
Central eastern Mid-successional Mid-successional 65 40.9
  Early-successional Early-successional 43 27.0
  Early-successional Mid-successional 30 18.9
  Fire-tolerant oaks Early-successional 7 4.4
  Mid-successional Early-successional 3 1.9
  Late-successional Mid-successional 3 1.9
  Fire-tolerant oaks Fire-tolerant oaks 3 1.9
  Early-successional Late-successional 2 1.3
  Late-successional Late-successional 2 1.3
  Mid-successional Late-successional 1 0.6
Northern Southeast Planted pines Planted pines 24 40.7
  Early-successional Early-successional 17 28.8
  Fire-tolerant pines Planted pines 7 11.9
  Early-successional Planted pines 4 6.8
  Fire-tolerant pines Early-successional 3 5.1
  Mid-successional Mid-successional 2 3.4
  Early-successional Mid-successional 1 1.7
  Fire-tolerant oaks Planted pines 1 1.7
Coastal Plain Planted pines Planted pines 35 63.6
  Early-successional Early-successional 10 18.2
  Early-successional Planted pines 6 10.9
  Mid-successional Mid-successional 3 5.5
  Mid-successional Early-successional 1 1.8