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Table 3 Enumeration of medicinal plant species used by the Karbi tribe in East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary

From: Non-timber forest products and their contribution to healthcare and livelihood security among the Karbi tribe in Northeast India

Botanical name Local name Habit Parts used Medicinal uses Used type Mode of application
Abroma augustum (L.) L.f. (Malvaceae) Korai S R 1. Amenorrhea, dysmenorrhoea O 1. Decoction of root
Abrus precatorius L. (Fabaceae) Chuselok C R, L 1. Malaria
2. Fever, cold, cough
O
O
1. Decoction of root
2. Decoction of leaf
Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. (Fabaceae) Khemra T B, L, R 1. Cut, wound, antidote against insect bites
2. Stomach ache, dyspepsia
T
O
1. Paste of bark and leaf
2. Decoction of root
Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa (Rutaceae) Thepli T L, F, 1. Stomach ache
2. Dysentery, constipation, haemorrhoids, cure weak health
O
O
1. Mixture of leaf and fruits with water
2. Juice of fruits
Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G.Don (Araceae) Henchala H L, St, Cr 1. Antidote against insect bites
2. Diarrhoea, stomach ache
T
O
1. Paste of leaf and stem
2. Corm decoction
Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Butt (Zingiberaceae) Tara H Rh 1. Stomach ache, sore throat
2. Headache, lumbago
O
T
1. Juice of rhizome
2. Paste of rhizome
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. Ex DC. (Amaranthaceae) Utokreng H Wp, 1. Urinary disorder, haematuria O 1. Decoction of whole plant
Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. (Amaranthaceae) Utokreng H L, Wp 1. Skin allergies
2. Urinary disorder
T
O
1. Paste of fresh leaf
2. Infusion of whole plant
Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae) Dido H Wp, L 1. Antidote against insects bite
2. Nosebleed
T
N
1. Juice of whole plant
2. Juice of leaf
Amblovenatum opulentum J.P. Roux (Thelypteridaceae) Babkeso S Wp 1. Ectoparasitic control in poultry T 1. Whole plant is applied directly
Annona reticulata L. (Annonaceae) Longle jangphong T F, L 1. Diarrhoea, dysentery
2. Helminthiasis
O
O
1. Direct feeding of fruits
2. Decoction of leaf
Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) Longle jangphong T L 1. Ectoparasitic control in poultry T 1. Whole plant is applied directly
Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Meliaceae) Neem T L, R 1. Skin acne
2. Fever
3. Skin acne in cattle, ectoparasitic control in cattle
T
O
T
1. Paste of leaf
2. Decoction of root
3. Paste of leaf, decoction of root and leaf
Baccaurea ramiflora Lour. (Phyllanthaceae) Dampijuk T F 1. Scurvy
2. Skin infection
O
T
1. Direct consumption of fruits
2. Juice of fruits
Bauhinia racemosa Lam. (Fabaceae) Ingku T R, Fl 1. Stomach ache
2. Cold, cough
O
O
1. Decoction of root
2. Decoction of flower
Bauhinia variegata Linn. (Fabaceae) Ingku-ke er T R, B, Bu, Fl 1. Cut, wound
2. Vomiting, nausea
3. Tonsils, thyroid problem
4. Dysentery in cattle
T
O
O
O
1. Paste of root
2. Powder of dry buds and root
3. Decoction of bark for gargle
4. Infusion of flower
Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. (Phyllanthaceae) Pleple T B 1. Burns, skin acne, cut, wound
2. Bronchitis
T
O
1. Paste of bark
2. Decoction of bark
Bridelia tomentosa Blume (Phyllanthaceae) Thebihi-arong T L, B 1. Stomach ache O 1. Decoction of bark and leaf
Capsicum annuum L. (Solanaceae) Inglong abirik H L, F 1. Dyspepsia, sore throat
2. Rheumatism
3. Laryngitis
O
T
O
1. Direct consumption of fruits
2. Paste of fruits and leaf
3. Decoction of fruits for gargle
Careya arborea Roxb. (Lecythidaceae) Loring T B 1. Cure dysentery in cattle O 1. Juice of the bark
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. (Apiaceae) Chong amok H L, Wp 1. Cut, wound, itches, sore eyes, sinusitis
2. Gastric problem, cold, cough
3. Haemorrhoids
T
O
O
1. Juice of leaf
2. Infusion of leaf
3. Juice of whole plant
Cheilocostus speciosus (J.Koenig) C.D. Specht (Costaceae) Ai-upo H Rh 1. Helminthiasis, bronchitis
2. Skin acne
O
T
1. Juice of rhizome
2. Paste of rhizome
Cissampelos pareira L. (Menispermaceae) Tubuki-lota C L, R, St 1. Skin acne, cut, wound, antidote against insect bite
2. Helminthiasis, diarrhoea, dysentery, dysmenorrhoea
T
O
1. Paste of leaf and root
2. Infusion of leaf and stem
Citrus assamensis R.M.Dutta & Bhattacharya (Rutaceae) Tumeng S F 1. Dyspepsia
2. Antidote against insect bite
3. Malaria
O
T
O
1. Juice of fruits
2. Juice of fruits
3. Juice of fruits
Clerodendrum infortunatum L. (Verbenaceae) Phlek ik S L, Tw, R 1. Diarrhoea, dysentery
2. Dandruff
O
T
1. Infusion of root and twigs
2. Infusion of leaf
Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Tharmit H Rh 1. Dyspepsia, gastric problem
2. Rheumatism, cut, wound, bruise, burns
O
T
1. Juice of rhizome
2. Paste of rhizome
Datura metel L. (Solanaceae) Hepi chumprak H L, S 1. Pain reliever
2. Asthma and bronchitis
T
I
1. Paste of roasted leaf
2. Vapour of boil leaf
Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees (Poaceae) Chek arong S L 1. Arthritis, fever T 1. Paste of leaf
Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. (Caryophyllaceae) Nonrongman H Wp, L 1. Cut, wound, bruise, burns
2. Cold, cough, sinusitis
T
I
1. Paste of whole plant
2. Vapour from boil leaf
Ficus benghalensis L. (Moraceae) Cheri hanthor T L, La 1. Diarrhoea, dysentery
2. Haemorrhoids
O
O
1. Infusion of leaf buds
2. Direct consumption of a few drops of latex with milk
Ficus hispida L. (Moraceae) Ingthum T R, F, B 1. Skin acne, itches
2. Jaundice, stomach ache
3. Increase lactation in lactating woman
T
O
O
1. Powder of dried root bark
2. Decoction of fruits and bark
3. Direct consumption of ripe fruits
Ficus racemosa L. (Moraceae) Cheri T B, La, F 1. Mouth infection
2. Ears infection
3. Urinary disorder
O
T
O
1. Decoction of bark for gargle
2. Paste of latex
3. Powder of dried peel of its fruits
Geophila repens (L.) I.M. Johnst. (Rubiaceae) Chong H Wp, F 1. Skin infection, skin acne, allergies T 1. Paste of whole plant
Habenaria dentata (Sw.) Schltr. (Orchidaceae) Bomu H Wp 1. Skin acne, cut, wound T 1. Paste of whole plant
Hedyotis scandens Roxb. (Rubiaceae) Bi akengkung H R 1. Sprains in goats T 1. Paste of rhizome
Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Malvaceae) Hanserong H L, Fl, S 1. Cold, cough
2. Muscle fatigue
3. Gastric problem, stomach ache
O
T
O
1. Infusion of leaf
2. Paste of leaf and stem
3. Juice of flower mixed with sugar
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) Hanserong ke-er H S, L 1. Urinary incontinence, dyspepsia
2. Antidote against insect bite
3. Food poisoning in cattle
O
T
O
1. Decoction of seed
2. Paste of leaf
3. Decoction of seed
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. (Apiaceae) Chong amok H L 1. Dysentery, gastric problem, stomach ache O 1. Juice of leaf
Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W. T. Aiton (Apocynaceae) Parok hanthor C Wp, S, L 1. Bleeding gums
2. Fever, cough, dysentery
3. Cut, wound, headache
O
O
T
1. Juice of whole plant
2. Decoction of stem and leaf
3. Paste of leaf
Kaempferia galanga L. (Zingiberaceae) Bithiphaknur H Rh 1. Fever in cattle O 1. Juice of rhizome
Leea indica (Burm. F.) Merr. (Vitaceae) Gangma-chi S R, L, Fl 1. Diarrhoea, dysentery
2. Skin ache
O
T
1. Decoction of root
2. Paste of leaf and flower
Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link (Lamiaceae) Han phulok H L, Fl 1. Sinusitis
2. Helminthiasis
3. Antidote against insect bite
N
O
T
1. Juice of leaf
2. Decoction of leaf and flower
3. Paste of leaf
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson (Verbenaceae) Naga alopong S L 1. Conjunctivitis
2. Fever, stomach ache
T
O
1. Juice of leaf
2. Infusion of leaf
Magnolia hodgsonii (Hook.f. & Thomson) H.Keng (Magnoliaceae) Parokbithi-arong T B, Fl 1. Dysmenorrhoea, stomach ache, dyspepsia
2. Asthma, coughing
O
O
1. Decoction of bark
2. Decoction of flower
Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) Tharve T S, L 1. Diarrhoea, haemorrhoids
2. Throat infection
O
O
1. Powder of dried seed
2. Direct consumption of young leaf
Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) Sondon T B 1. Kill maggots in cattle T 1. Paste of bark
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. (Rutaceae) Thengsakso S L 1. Gastric problem, dysentery, vomiting O 1. Juice of leaf
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. (Oleaceae) Hawali T L, Fl 1. Malaria, constipation, helminthiasis O 1. Juice of leaf and flower
Ocimum gratissimum L. Lamiaceae) Tulsi H L 1. Indigestion
2. Ectoparasitic in cattle
T
T
1. Infusion
2. Leaf is applied directly
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. (Bignoniaceae) Napak ban T Fl, R, S, B 1. Helminthiasis
2. Diarrhoea, dysentery
3. Cut, wound, boils
4. Tonsil
O
O
T
T
1. Decoction of flower
2. Decoction of root
3. Paste of young seed
4. Paste of bark for gargle
Oxalis corniculata L. (Oxalidaceae) Wothung-mekbok H Wp, L 1. Helminthiasis, scurvy
2. Antidote against insect bite, burns, skin allergies
3. Sore eyes
O
T
T
1. Infusion of whole plant
2. Paste of leaf
3. Juice of leaf
Phlogacanthus tubiflorus (Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.) Nees (Acanthaceae) Jok-aan S I, L 1. Helminthiasis
2. Cold, cough, asthma
O
O
1. Juice of inflorescence
2. Decoction of leaf
Phyllanthus emblica L. (Phyllanthaceae) Thilu kame T B, F 1. Nausea, vomiting
2. Dysentery
O
O
1. Powder of fruits
2. Decoction of fruits
Physalis peruviana L. (Solanaceae) Nihang bokbok H L 1 Arthritis, headache
2 Malaria
T
O
1. Paste of leaf
2. Decoction of whole plant
Pseudocaryopteris foetida (D.Don) P.D.Cantino (Lamiaceae) Pherklum alo S Wp 1. Ectoparasitic control in poultry T 1. Whole plant is applied directly
Sarcochlamys pulcherrima Gaudich. (Urticaceae) Bikbik T L, F 1. Diarrhoea, dysentery
2. Skin ache
O
T
1. Decoction of leaf
2. Juice of leaf and fruits
Senna alexandrina Mill. (Fabaceae) Taw-eit S L 1. Constipation, release kidney stone
2. Skin acne, cut, wound
O
T
1. Powder of dried leaf mixed with hot water
2. Powder of dried leaf mixed with oil
Sida acuta Burm.f. (Malvaceae) Bijang S Wp, L, R 1. Fever, dyspepsia
2. Dysentery, diarrhoea
3. Bleeding gum, toothache
O
O
T
1. Decoction of whole plant
2. Infusion of leaf
3. Paste of root
Sida rhombifolia L. (Malvaceae) Bijangnai H Wp 1. Chicken pox, burns, skin allergies T 1. Paste of whole plant
Solanum indicum L. (Solanaceae) Hepi sokran H F, L 1. Helminthiasis
2. Fever, cold, cough
O
O
1. Direct consumption of fruits
2. Decoction of fruits and Leaf
Solanum torvum Swartz (Solanaceae) Hipi kumbong S F, L 1. Helminthiasis
2. Skin infections, cut, wound
O
T
1. Direct consumption of fruits
2. Paste of the leaf
Stemona tuberosa Lour. (Stemonaceae) Nune hiru C F 1. Kill ingro (lice) in dogs T 1. Paste of fruits
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (Myrtaceae) Jangmi T S, F 1. Asthma, bronchitis
2. Haemorrhoids
O
O
1.Paste of fruits and seed kernel
2. Direct consumption of fruits
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. (Apocynaceae) Mir herai S R, L, Fl 1. Diarrhoea, stomach ache
2. Cough
3. Sore eyes
O
O
T
1. Decoction of root
2. Infusion of leaf
3. Juice of flower
Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers (Fabaceae) Mith- arong S Wp, L 1. Jaundice
2. Toothache
O
T
1. Decoction of whole plant
2. Paste of leaf
Terminalia arjuna Wight and Arn. (Combretaceae) Arjungos T B 1. Food poisoning
2. Bone fracture
3. Bone fracture in cattle
O
T
T
1. Infusion of bark
2. Paste of the bark
3. Paste of the bark
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (Combretaceae) Logio-asing T F, B 1. Diarrhoea, dysentery
2. Leucodermia
O
T
1. Direct consumption of the pulp from raw fruits
2. Paste of bark
Tragia involucrata L. (Euphorbiaceae) Bab kangsam H R 1. Cure helminthiasis in dogs O 1. Paste of rhizome
Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (Rutaceae) Jajur S L 1. Cure helminthiasis in cattle O 1. Paste of leaf
Zingiber chrysanthum Roscoe (Zingiberaceae) Sobleksin H Rh 1. Ear infection, boils, skin acne, cut, wound T 1. Paste of rhizome
Zingiber officinale Rosc. (Zingiberaceae) Hanso H Rh 1. Haemorrhoids, constipation
2. Dysmenorrhoea, stomach ache
3. Bleeding gums and ear infection
4. Indigestion in cattle
O
O
T
O
1. Juice of rhizome
2. Decoction of rhizome
3. Paste of rhizome
4. Decoction of rhizome
Zizyphus xylopyrus (Retz) Willd. (Rhamnaceae) Bukuri arong T F, S, L 1. Diarrhoea
2. Headache, fever
3. Skin burn and infection in cattle
O
T
T
1. Powder of seed
2. Paste of leaf
3. Paste of leaf