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Table 4 Enumeration of edible plants used by the local people in East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary

From: Non-timber forest products and their contribution to healthcare and livelihood security among the Karbi tribe in Northeast India

Scientific name Local name Habit Parts used Form of use or eaten
Aegle marmelos (L.) CorrĂȘa (Rutaceae) Thepli T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Alocasia macrorrhiza Schott (Araceae) Hensoksu H Rh Rhizomes are eaten, baked, or roasted.
Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Butt (Zingiberaceae) Tara H St Stems are cooked as curry.
Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae) Dido H Sh Shoots are made as curry.
Amorphophallus bulbifer (Roxb.) Blume Hensarku H P Petioles are eaten, roasted, or boiled.
Artocarpus chama Buch.-Ham. (Moraceae) Phong T F, S Ripe fruits are eaten directly and seeds are roasted.
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Moraceae) Jangphong T F, S Ripe fruits are eaten directly and seeds are boiled.
Artocarpus lacucha Buch.-Ham. (Moraceae) Arong T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Averrhoa carambola L. (Oxalidaceae) Torte T F Fruits are eaten directly or by making curry.
Annona reticulata L. (Annonaceae) Longle jangphong T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Baccaurea ramiflora Lour. (Phyllanthaceae) Dampejuk T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Calamus erectus Roxb. (Arecaceae) Theng S F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Castanopsis indica (Roxb. ex Lindl.) A.DC. (Fagaceae) Phongrong T S Seeds are eaten raw or roasted.
Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B.L.Burtt & A.W.Hill (Anacardiaceae) Thesili T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Coix lacryma-jobi L. (Poaceae) Tumdak H S Seed are roasted.
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott (Araceae) Henru ke-ik H Tu Tubers eaten as boiled and curry.
Cucumis melo L. (Cucurbitaceae) Thoithe suri H F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Dendracalamus hamiltonii Nees et Arn. ex Munro (Poaceae) Kaipho B Sh Fermented shoots are eaten as curry.
Dillenia indica L. (Dilleniaceae]) Plum-plam T F Fruits are eaten as curry.
Dillenia pentagyna Roxb. (Dilleniaceae) Cherimpi T F Fruits are eaten directly.
Dioscorea alata L. (Dioscoreaceae) Ruichin H T Tubers eaten as boiled and curry.
Engelhardtia spicata Lechen ex Blume (Juglandaceae) Marloo T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham.(Clusiaceae) Pranpre T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Gnetum gnemon L.(Gnetaceae) Hanthu S L, S Leaves are eaten as curry and seeds are fried.
Hibiscus sabdariffa L.(Malvaceae) Hanserong ke-er S F Fruits are eaten as curry.
Hodgsonia macrocarpa (Blume) Cogn.(Cucurbitaceae) Hanthar C S Seeds are eaten raw or roasted.
Melastoma nepalensis Lodd. (Melastomataceae) Bik bik S F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. (Rutaceae) Thengsakso S L Leaves are eaten as curry.
Musa paradisiaca L.(Musaceae) Lothe H F, In Ripe fruits are eaten directly, unripe fruits and inflorescence are eaten, roasted, or boiled.
Musa balbisiana Colla(Musaceae) Lobong H F, In Ripe fruits and inflorescence are eaten as boiled or curry.
Mussaenda isertiana DC. (Rubiaceae) Vosopeban S L Tender leaves are eaten with meat.
Olax acuminata Wall, ex Benth. (Olacaceae) Hanboka S L Leaves are eaten boiled.
Oreocnide integrifolia (Gaudich.) Miq.(Urticaceae) Thehoi S In Inflorescences are cooked with meat or fish.
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz (Bignoniaceae) Nopakban T Fl, Sh Flowers and shoots mixed with dried fish to make chutney.
Paederia foetida L. (Rubiaceae) Rikang menthu C L Leaves are cooked with fish or meat.
Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. (Fabaceae) Themuke T F Fruits are baked and eaten as chutney.
Passiflora foetida L. (Passifloraceae) Thevu-um H F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Phlogacanthus curviflorus (Wall.) Nees (Acanthaceae) Jok an S In Inflorescences are eaten boiled or baked.
Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus Nees (Acanthaceae) Jok-an S In Inflorescences are boiled with dried fish or baked and eaten as chutney.
Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels (Phyllanthaceae) Takiri thelu T F Fruits are eaten directly.
Phyllanthus emblica L. (Phyllanthaceae) Thelu kame T F Fruits are eaten raw.
Physalis peruviana L. (Solanaceae) Bokbok H F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Piper thomsonii (C. DC.) Hook. f. (Piperaceae) Hanbithi C L, S Leaves are cooked with rice flour and eaten as curry, dried seeds are added to curry to give flavour.
Polygonum microcephalum D. Don (Polygonaceae) Delap H L Leaves are cooked with fish.
Rhynchotechum ellipticum (Wall, ex Dietr.) A. DC. (Gesneriaceae) Mehek H L Leaves are eaten as boiled or curry.
Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. (Phyllanthaceae) Hanvoti T L Leaves cooked as curry.
Sesamum abbreviatum Merxm. (Pedaliaceae) Nempo H L, S Leaves and seeds are used for making curry.
Solanum indicum Linn. (Solanaceae) Hepi sokran S L Leaves are eaten as curry.
Sterculia villosa Roxb. (Malvaceae) Jintekong T S Roasted seeds are eaten.
Streblus asper Lour. (Moraceae) Cheri theso T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, (Myrtaceae) Jangmi T F Ripe fruits are eaten directly.
Trevesia palmata (Roxb. ex Lindl.) Vis. (Araliaceae) Kokterak S In Inflorescences are boiled and eaten as chutney.
Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC (Rutaceae) Arioso hanjor T L, Sh Leaves and shoots are used to make curry.
Zingiber chrysanthum Rosc. (Zingiberaceae) Sobleksin H F Fruits are eaten as fried.
Zingiber rubens Roxb. (Zingiberaceae)f Phree kangnek H Sh Shoots are cooked with dried fish.
Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Rose, ex Seem. (Zingiberaceae) Vorek hanso H L, In Leaves and inflorescences are cooked with dried fish.
Zizyphus xylopyrus (Retz) Willd. (Rhamnaceae) Bukuri arong T F Fruits are cooked as curry.