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Table 2 Plant species abundance (%) of the soil seed bank over time in bush-cleared and uncleared microsites at Kgomokgomo from April 2016 to August 2017

From: Is the soil seed bank a reliable source for passive restoration of bush-cleared semi-arid rangelands of South Africa?

SpeciesFamilyPlant classEcological statusLF† Cleared microsites Uncleared microsites
 2016 20172016 2017
AprilAugOctDecAprilAugAugOctDecAprilAug
Achyranthes aspera (L.) Griseb.AmaranthaceaeForbInvaderP1.3 0.4 1.41.5 
Aloe greatheadii var davyana (Schönl.)AsphodelaceaeSucculentIncreaser IIE0.53.32.7  6.24.4 
Bulbostylis hispidula (Vahl.) R. W. Haines.CyperaceaeSedgeIncreaser IIA39.213.425.715.4 7.96.6 9.846.29.2 9.72.7.
Chochorous longipedunculatus (Burch.)MalvaceaeForbIncreaser IIP4.02.0 6.20.4 6.35.7 38.70.7
Crotalaria lotoides (Benth.)FabaceaelegumeIncreaser IIA0.50.7 0.4  1.60.7
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA2.51.50.7  0.70.9 
Digitaria eriantha (Stent.) Steud.PoaceaeGrassDecreaserP1.61.00.7 4.53.3  1.6
Eragrostis pseudosclerantha (Chiov.)PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIP2.52.0 2.97.0 1.46.1 
Eragrostis spp.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIP13.310.010.511.4 1.25.8 11.27.711.8 3.4
Evolvulus alsinoides L.ColvolvulaceaeForbIncreaser IIA3.92.0 0.8  
Hibiscus engleri (K. Schum.)MalvaceaeforbInvaderA 2.50.8  8.1 
Ipomoa sinensis (Desr.) Choisy.ConvolvulaceaeForbInvaderA1.50.70.7 2.12.9 0.9 1.60.7
Justicia flava (Vahl.) Vahl.AcanthaceaeForbIncreaser IIP0.70.7   
Kohautia virgata (Willd.) BremekRubiaceaeForbInvaderA0.72.7   
Kyphorcarpa angustifolia (Moq.) Lopr.AmaranthaceaeForbInvaderA7.21.3 0.40.8 1.5 1.6
Limeum viscosum (Fenzl.) A. Gay.MolluginaceaeForbIncreaser IIA1.625.421.18.1 0.41.2 5.64.633.2 4.82.0
Panicum maximum (Jacq.)PoaceaeGrassDecreaserP1.03.3 15.711.0 1.43.1 11.312.9
Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L.PhylanthaceaeForbInvaderP0.7  2.81.5 3.2
Portulaca hereroensis (Schinz.)PortulacaceaeSucculentInvaderA3.32.02.7  1.44.4 
Portulaca pilosa (N. E. Br.)PortulacaceaeSucculentInvaderA7.524.417.130.2 8.73.7 42.024.617.9 1.64.1
Portulaca quadrifida L.PortulacaceaeSucculentInvaderA10.03.316.1 27.324.0 6.31.51.3 12.949.0
Schkuhria pinnata (L.) Kuntze ex Thell.AsteraceaeForbInvaderA0.7 0.8 0.70.9 
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill.AsteraceaeForbInvaderA22.5   
Tragus berteronianus (Schult.)PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA0.81.00.7 12.413.0 3.5 0.4 1.610.9
Tephrosia purperea (L.) Pers.FabaceaeLegumeIncreaser IIA0.5  2.83.1 1.61.4
Urochloa mosambicensis (Hack.) Dandy.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA 5.017.8 2.8 11.6
Total abundance of herbaceous perennials (%)    13.342.715.814.4 2624.8 24.510.526.7 53.217
Total abundance of herbaceous annuals (%)    86.756.984.282.9 7475.2 75.783.368.9 46.883
Species richness (number of species)    9161518 1814 161014 1412
  1. LF (life form): D deciduous, E evergreen, WP weak perennial, A annual, and P perennial, Apr April, Aug August, Oct October, Dec December