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Table 4 Variable definition and descriptive statistics

From: Assessing farmers' contribution to greenhouse gas emission and the impact of adopting climate-smart agriculture on mitigation

Variable Definition Mean Standard deviations
Dependent variable
 Emission Number of participated emission practices (counts) 2.846 1.22
Explanatory variables
 Household size Number of household members 8.46 4.42
 Education Highest level of education of household head (years) 3.85 5.10
 Off-farm revenue Alternative income source aside farming (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.26 0.44
 Farm size Total size of land cultivated (acres) 8.14 6.55
 Experience Number of years of farming 20.22 13.31
 FBO membership Membership of farmer-based organization (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.26 0.44
 Extension access Contact with extension agent (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.64 0.48
 Credit access Access to credit for farming activities (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.33 0.47
 Production intention Primary purpose for farming (1 if commercial, 0 if subsistence) 0.40 0.49
 Climate change awareness Whether a farmer has knowledge of climate change (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.72 0.45
 CSA training Farmer participation in CSA training (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.15 0.36
 CSA adopter Farmer adoption of CSA practices (1 if yes, 0 if no) 0.87 0.33
 Welfare Household monthly per capita expenditure 277.40 304.82
Perception of causes
 Naturally Average index of perception climate change occurring as a result of natural events 1.04 1.14
 Deforestation Average index of perception climate change occurring as a result of deforestation 0.75 1.32
 Bush burning Average index of perception climate change occurring as a result of bush burning 0.33 1.38
  1. Mean responses for dichotomous variables (yes/no) represent the percentage of yes responses