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Table 2 Number of insects per order visiting Magnolia grandiflora flowers (2015–2016)

From: Pollinator-mediated self-pollination and reproductive assurance in an isolated tree of Magnolia grandiflora L.

Order/Species Total number Range Mean number/flower Percentage Time of observation Maximum duration of a single visit
2015 2016 2015 2016
Hymenoptera
Apis melifera 98 76 3–5 4 6.96 6.59 8 am–12:30 pm 7.5 min
Coleoptera
 Flower beetle 186 167 4–10 5 13.2 14.4 8 am–12:30 pm Constant
Diptera
 Fly 13 14 1 1 0.92 1.21 8 am–12:30 pm 1.5 min
Thysanoptera
 Thripidae 1102 886 0–170 39 78.2 76.8   Constant
Araneae
 Spider 9 10 2 1 0.64 0.87 10 am–11:30 am Constant