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Table 1 Endemic species and their IUCN status (ED endemic, NE near-endemic, H herb, S shrub, T tree, LC least concern, EN endangered, NE not evaluated, VU vulnerable)

From: Ecological and floristic study of Hirmi woodland vegetation in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia

No. Species name Family Endemicity Habit Local name IUCN category
1 Acacia venosa Hochst. ex Benth. Fabaceae ED S Kentib EN
2 Aloe elegans Tod. Aloaceae ED S Ere LC
3 Bidens macroptera (Sch. Bip. ex Chiov.) Mesfin Tadesse Asteraceae ED H Gelgelemeskel NE
4 Combretum hartmannianum Schweinf. Combretaceae NE T Seabea VU
5 Combretum rochetianum A. Rich. ex A. Juss. (near endemic) Combretaceae NE T Afekumo VU
6 Lippia adoensis Hochst. ex Walp. Verbenaceae ED S Keskese LC
7 Pennisetum glaucifolium Hochst. ex A. Rich. Poaceae ED H - NE
8 Phragmanthera macrosolen (A. Rich.) M. Gilbert Loranthaceae ED S Dikala lihay NE
9 Urtica simensis Steudel Urticaceae ED H Tsehaytu LC