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Table 1 Some geographical and climatic characteristics of the five stone pine (Pinus pinea) populations across their natural distribution in Turkey

From: Effects of geoclimatic factors on the variability in Pinus pinea cone, seed, and seedling traits in Turkey native habitats

Populations Latitude
Longitude
Altitude (m)
P (mm) M (°C) m (°C) PE (mm) ME (°C) Sa Summer Drought Indexa Qa Humidity categorya Climate typesb
1 K.Maraş-Önsen 37° 30′ 27′′
36° 46′ 59′′
800
742 36.6 1.5 7.4 40.3 0.18 2 72.39 Sub-humid Semi-arid
2 Muğla-Yatağan 37° 23′ 11′′
27° 56′ 22′′
608
633 36.4 2.2 31.5 39.7 0.79 2 63.41 Sub-humid Semi-arid
3 Aydın-Koçarlı 37° 42′ 35′′
27° 41′ 18′′
730
609 36.9 4.2 13.8 40.5 0.34 2 63.38 Sub-humid Semi-arid
4 İzmir-Kozak 39° 14′ 45′′
27° 05′ 50′′
555
612 34.0 3.3 26.5 39.0 0.68 2 68.18 Sub-humid Semi-arid
5 Çanakkale-Kirazlı 40° 1′ 12′′
26° 35′ 36′′
276
605 31.2 3.4 38.6 34.7 1.11 3 74.71 Sub-humid Semi-arid
  1. P mean annual rainfall in mm; M the mean of the maxima of the hottest month; m is the mean of the minima of the coldest month; PE sum of rainfall in June, July, and August; ME mean of the maxima temperature of June, July, August for the period 1987–2016; S summer drought index value; Q humidity category value (for calculations, see the “Materials and methods” section).
  2. aBioclimate zones according to Emberger (Daget et al. 1988)
  3. bClimate types according to Erinç’s precipitation efficiency formula (Erinç 1965)
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