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Table 1 Soil physicochemical properties in different land-use types (means ± SE with a common letter are not statistically different by HSD test at 5% level of significance). Values are the mean of three seasons and 2 years

From: Effect of land use, season, and soil depth on soil microbial biomass carbon of Eastern Himalayas

Soil properties Subtropical forest Cardamom agroforestry Paddy cropland
0–15 cm 15–30 cm Mean 0–15 cm 15–30 cm Mean 0–15 cm 15–30 cm Mean
Sand (%) 42.80 ± 4.40a 42.23 ± 3.20a 42.52 ± 3.80a 47.00 ± 3.01a 46.63 ± 3.41a 46.82 ± 3.21a 39.00 ± 3.40a 38.11 ± 3.21a 38.56 ± 3.31a
Silt (%) 30.62 ± 2.80a 31.02 ± 3.21a 30.82 ± 3.01a 30.00 ± 2.78a 30.21 ± 3.02a 30.11 ± 2.90a 32.70 ± 3.40a 31.21 ± 2.55a 31.96 ± 2.98a
Clay (%) 26.58 ± 3.20a 26.75 ± 2.41a 26.67 ± 2.81a 23.00 ± 5.32a 23.16 ± 3.21a 23.08 ± 4.26a 28.30 ± 4.20a 30.68 ± 2.34a 29.49 ± 3.27a
BD (g cm−3) 0.75 ± 0.05a 0.81 ± 0.06b 0.81 ± 0.06ab 0.70 ± 0.05a 0.73 ± 0.05b 0.72 ± 0.05ab 0.62 ± 0.07a 0.77 ± 0.04b 0.70 ± 0.06ab
Moisture (%) 35.40 ± 3.60a 24.21 ± 0.23b 29.81 ± 1.92ab 37.00 ± 5.62a 31.32 ± 5.62b 34.16 ± 5.62ab 41.02 ± 0.89a 34.21 ± 0.45b 37.62 ± 0.67ab
pH 5.61 ± 0.07a 5.57 ± 0.05a 5.59 ± 0.06a 5.40 ± 0.05a 5.34 ± 0.03a 5.37 ± 0.04a 5.05 ± 0.06a 5.00 ± 0.05a 5.03 ± 0.06a
C (%) 4.34 ± 0.30a 3.65 ± 0.45 b 4.00 ± 0.38c 4.09 ± 0.35a 3.64 ± 0.36b 3.87 ± 0.35c 3.16 ± 0.19a 2.85 ± 0.03b 3.01 ± 0.11c
TN (%) 0.32 ± 0.07a 0.25 ± 0.03b 0.29 ± 0.05c 0.30 ± 0.05a 0.25 ± 0.04b 0.28 ± 0.05c 0.22 ± 0.03a 0.20 ± 0.04b 0.21 ± 0.04ab
P (%) 0.05 ± 0.01a 0.03 ± 0.01b 0.04 ± 0.01ab 0.04 ± 0.01a 0.02 ± 0.01b 0.03 ± 0.01c 0.02 ± 0.01a 0.01 ± 0.01b 0.02 ± 0.01ab
SOC stock (Mg C ha−1) 40.99 ± 4.01a 38.17 ± 3.78b 39.58 ± 3.90c 40.41 ± 2.93a 35.89 ± 4.80b 38.15 ± 3.86ab 34.16 ± 2.69a 31.64 ± 1.42b 32.90 ± 2.06ab
C/N (%) 13.56a 14.4b 13.98ab 13.63a 14.56a 14.10a 14.36a 14.25a 14.31a
HSD (α = 5%) = 4.33
  1. BD bulk density, C carbon concentration, SOC soil organic carbon stock, TN total nitrogen, P available phosphorous, C/N carbon/nitrogen ratio, HSD Tukey’s honestly significant difference at 5% level of significance