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Fig. 2 | Ecological Processes

Fig. 2

From: Clearcuts and related secondary dieback undermine the ecological effectiveness of FSC certification in a boreal forest

Fig. 2

Logging intensity in the sample area differentiating between areas that were under FSC-certification during the logging operation (during-FSC), areas that were harvested before they became certified (before-FSC), and areas that were never under certification (non-FSC): annual tree cover loss induced by logging in relation to the available area within the sampled study area

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