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Table 6 The land use/land cover (LULC) changes (gain, loss, and rate of change) between 1984 and 1994, 2004 and 2014, and 2014 and 2019, where G=gain, L=loss and PC= rate of change

From: The impacts of land-use and land-cover change on wetland ecosystem service values in peri-urban and urban area of Bahir Dar City, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Northwestern Ethiopia

LULC categories 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2014 2014–2019 1984–2019
G/L ha PC % G/L ha PC % G/L ha PC % G/L ha PC % G/L ha PC %
Cultivated land 182 1.50 − 892 − 7.24 − 68 − 0.59 − 523 − 4.60 − 1301 − 10.70
Built-up area 221 18.37 815 57.26 604 26.95 959 33.75 2599 216.07
Grazing land 731 57.54 − 428 − 21.39 514 32.67 749 35.89 15676 123.24
Vegetation − 945 − 21.43 1248 36.01 − 692 − 14.66 − 859 − 21.34 − 1247 − 28.27
Water body − 151 − 24.69 82 17.87 − 39 − 7.14 − 154 − 30.56 − 262 − 42.76
Wetland − 38 − 0.92 − 825 − 20.24 − 320 − 9.84 − 173 − 5.90 − 1356 − 32.95