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Table 7 The effects of land use/land cover (LULC) changes on the total ecosystem service values (ESV in USD ×106) of Bahir Dar City

From: The impacts of land-use and land-cover change on wetland ecosystem service values in peri-urban and urban area of Bahir Dar City, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Northwestern Ethiopia

LULC categories 1984 1994 2004 2014 2019
ESV % ESV % ESV % ESV % ESV %
Cultivated land 2.74 9.22 2.78 10.10 2.58 10.01 2.57 10.89 2.45 11.74
Built-up area 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Grazing land 0.37 1.25 0.59 2.12 0.46 1.80 0.61 2.60 0.83 4.00
Vegetation 4.35 14.64 3.42 12.36 4.65 18.05 4.00 16.85 3.12 14.98
Water body 5.00 16.68 3.73 13.50 4.40 17.08 4.09 17.35 2.84 13.62
Wetland 17.30 58.20 17.15 62.00 13.68 53.06 12.33 52.32 11.60 55.66
Total 29.73   27.67   25.77   23.57   20.84