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Table 8 Changes in ecosystem service values (ESVin USD ×106) for each land use/land cover (LULC) category of Bahir Dar City

From: The impacts of land-use and land-cover change on wetland ecosystem service values in peri-urban and urban area of Bahir Dar City, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Northwestern Ethiopia

LULC categories 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2014 2014–2019 1984–2019
USD in millions change in % USD in millions change in % US D in millions change in % USD in millions change in % USD in millions change in %
Cultivated land 0.04 1.91 − 0.20 − 10.53 − 0.01 − 0.46 − 0.12 − 4.35 − 0.29 − 3.25
Built-up area 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Grazing land 0.22 10.53 − 0.13 − 6.84 0.15 6.91 0.22 7.97 0.46 5.16
Vegetation − 0.93 − 44.50 1.23 64.74 − 0.65 − 29.95 − 0.88 − 31.88 − 1.23 − 13.79
Water body − 1.27 − 60.77 0.67 35.26 − 0.31 − 14.29 − 1.25 − 45.29 − 2.16 − 24.22
Wetland − 0.15 − 7.18 − 3.47 − 182.63 − 1.35 − 62.21 − 0.73 − 26.45 − 5.70 − 63.90
Total 2.09  1.90  2.17  2.76  8.92