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Table 2 Normalized rainfall, temperature, drought frequency, and overall level of exposure risk across the livelihood zones of the study area

From: Rural households’ livelihood vulnerability to climate variability and extremes: a livelihood zone-based approach in the Northeastern Highlands of Ethiopia

Livelihood Rainfall Averg. Temp. Max. Temp. Min. Temp. Drought Frequency Overall exposure risk
Zones Normalized Normalized Normalized Normalized Mean Freq. Normalized Normalized Level of risk
ABB 0.315 0.107 0.000 0.429 8.14 1.000 0.38 Low
Meher 1.000 0.350 0.543 1.000 7.65 0.602 0.71 High
Belg 0.759 1.000 0.595 0.591 7.59 0.602 0.71 High
Meher-Belg 0.420 0.507 0.336 0.312 7.50 0.480 0.41 Moderate
CHV 0.290 0.143 1.000 0.351 6.91 0.000 0.35 Low
SWS 0.000 0.000 0.026 0.000 7.16 0.203 0.05 Very low
Variance 0.129 0.134 0.144 0.111   0.121   
Root variance 0.359 0.366 0.380 0.333   0.349   
1/Root variance 2.786 2.729 2.634 3.004   2.869   
Sum 14.023        
K 0.071        
W 0.199 0.195 0.188 0.214   0.205   
  1. Note: Data of exposure indicators (rainfall, temperature, and frequency of drought) were derived from interpolated stations using zonal statistics in ArcGIS for each livelihood zones