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Table 6 A summary of the effects of aquaculture on the downstream riverine and estuarine water properties. The arrows before the water properties indicate that the subsequent water properties increased (↑), decreased (↓), or did not change (→). See the list of abbreviations for the water properties

From: The impact of tropical land-use change on downstream riverine and estuarine water properties and biogeochemical cycles: a review

Study sites Effects on downstream water properties Sources
Shrimp and fish ponds, Wenchang and Wenjiao Estuary, Hainan, China ↑: DOC, DON, DOC:DON, DIN, NH4+, PO43−, Chl a
→: NO3, NO2
Herbeck et al. (2013), Herbeck et al. (2011)
Shrimp ponds, Can Gio, Vietnam ↑: pH, POC, TN, DIN
Vivier et al. (2019)
  ↑: SS, pH, TN, TP, BOD, COD
→: DO, NH4+
Anh et al. (2010)
Shrimp ponds, the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh ↑: TN, NO3, NO2, NH4+, Chl a
→: DO, pH
↓: SS, TP, PO43−
Islam et al. (2004)
Shrimp ponds, Cardwell, Queensland, Australia ↑: TN, PON, DON, NH4+, Chl a Jackson et al. (2003)
  ↑: SS, TN, NO3, NH4+, TP, DIN:DIP, Chl a
→: PO43−
Costanzo et al. (2004)
Shrimp ponds, Saint Vincent Bay, New Caledonia ↑: TN, PON, DON, TDN, NH4+, TP, PP, TDP, PO43− Molnar et al. (2013)
Shrimp ponds, Teremba Bay, Chambeyron Bay, New Caledonia ↑: SS, turbidity, POC, TN, PON, TP, Chl a
Thomas et al. (2010)
Fish and shrimp ponds, Hawaii, USA ↑: SS, turbidity, TN, NH4+, TP, Chl a
↓: NO3, NO2
↑↓: PO43−
Ziemann et al. (1992)