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Table 1 Predictor variables included in the random forests modeling and the scales retained in the univariate scaling step of sloth bears in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

From: Using machine learning to predict habitat suitability of sloth bears at multiple spatial scales

Variable type Variables Optimal scale (m) Abbreviations
Topographic Elevation 2000 elevation2km
Terrain ruggedness index 6000 rug6km
River density 1000 river1km
Cover NDVI in summer season 5000 ndvisum5km
NDVI in winter season 6000 ndviwin6km
NDVI in wet season 8000 ndviwet8km
Habitat composition Dry deciduous forests 1000 drydec1km
Moist deciduous forests 4000 moistdec4km
Sal-dominated forests 5000 sal5km
Disturbance Degraded habitat patches 8000 degraded8km
Farmland 9000 farmland9km
Road density 1000 road1km
Human settlements 6000 settlement6km