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Table 3 Effect of changes in land-use/land-cover (LULC) on the total ecosystem service value (ESV; US$ [thousands], %) in Guder, Aba Gerima, and Debatie watersheds, Ethiopia. LULC abbreviations as defined in Table TS2

From: Changes in ecosystem service values strongly influenced by human activities in contrasting agro-ecological environments

Watershed LULC classa 1982 2005/06 2011/12 2016/17
ESV (%) ESV (%) ESV (%) ESV (%)
Guder BL 16.1 8.4 14.8 11.2 12.9 9.5 8.2 4.0
CL 18.8 9.8 38.9 29.6 39.9 29.4 23.9 11.8
FL 138.5 72.0 45.6 34.6 44.1 32.5 41.6 20.6
GL 19.0 9.9 16.9 12.8 15.6 11.5 13.8 6.8
PL 0.0 0.0 15.6 11.8 23.0 17.0 114.9 56.8
ST 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 192.4 100.0 131.8 100.0 135.5 100.0 202.4 100.0
Aba Gerima BL 26.6 16.0 16.6 14.7 13.6 12.6
CL 21.9 13.2 48.8 43.1 50.2 46.5
FL 105.7 63.7 42.5 37.5 36.7 33.9
GL 11.7 7.0 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.0
KC 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.4 3.3 3.1
ST 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 165.8 100.0 113.2 100.0 108.1 100.0
Debatie BL 26.5 25.0 16.6 18.1 11.9 15.6 10.9 14.5
CL 3.7 3.5 19.4 21.2 28.6 37.3 30.1 39.8
FL 49.5 46.6 35.9 39.1 18.4 24.0 18.3 24.2
GL 26.3 24.8 19.8 21.6 17.7 23.1 16.2 21.5
ST 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 106.1 100.0 91.8 100.0 76.5 100.0 75.6 100.0