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Table 2 List and description of the ant traits used in this study to analyse the response of ant communities to pastoral land use abandonment

From: Congruent responses of vascular plant and ant communities to pastoral land-use abandonment in mountain areas throughout different biogeographic regions

Trait Data type Measure* Unit Description
Worker size (WS) Quantitative Continuous mm Distance from the tip of the mandibles to the tip of the gaster
Worker polymorphism (WP) Quantitative Continuous mm/mm Mean worker size divided by worker size range
Colony size (CS) Quantitative Continuous ln-transformed Number of workers per colony
Diet (D) Qualitative Ordinal 1 Generalist (Gen)
2 Mainly liquid feeder (LF)
3 Predator/liquid feeder (PLF)
4 Strictly predator (P)
5 Seed harvester (SH)
Behavioural dominance (BD) Qualitative Binary 1 Dominant (Dom)
2 Subordinate (Sub)
Diurnality (Di) Qualitative Binary 1 Not strictly Diurnal (nD)
2 Strictly Diurnal (D)
Foraging strategy (FS) Qualitative Ordinal 1 Strictly group (FSG)
2 Strictly collective (FSC)
3 Both group and collective (FSGC)
4 Strictly individual (FSI)
Number of nests per colony (nN) Qualitative Ordinal 1 Monodomy (Md)
2 Both monodomy and polydomy (MPd)
3 Polydomy (Pd)
Number of queens (nQ) Qualitative Ordinal 1 Monogyny (Mg)
2 Both monogyny and polygyny (MPg)
3 Polygyny (Pg)
Colony foundation (CF) Qualitative Ordinal 1 Dependent (Fd)
2 Both dependent and independent (Fdi)
3 Independent (Fi)
  1. *These traits can be continuous, ordinal or binary, and the data are treated differently before all multivariate analyses