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Table 1 Least squares means (lsmeans) and standard errors (SE) and coefficients of variation (CV) of morphological measurements (cm)

From: Morphological characterization and habitat suitability modeling of the goat population of Benin under climate change scenarios

Variables GCZ (n = 893) GSZ (n = 610) SZ (n = 611) Overall (n = 2114)
  lsmean ± SE CV lsmean ± SE CV lsmean ± SE CV lsmean ± SE CV
WH 40.1c ± 0.10 7.60 45.7b ± 0.17 9.39 49.8a ± 0.24 11.66 44.5 ± 4.36 9.38
RH 42.6c ± 0.09 6.47 46.7b ± 0.17 8.81 50.5a ± 0.25 12.22 46.1 ± 4.37 9.48
SH 23.1c ± 0.11 14.97 27.0b ± 0.13 11.45 30.7a ± 0.18 14.61 26.4 ± 3.69 13.97
BH 41.0c ± 0.09 6.46 44.9b ± 0.16 8.80 48.9a ± 0.25 12.38 44.4 ± 4.25 9.57
CD 21.3c ± 0.06 7.94 22.3b ± 0.08 9.22 22.7a ± 0.08 8.50 22.0 ± 1.87 8.51
RD 22.7c ± 0.07 9.24 23.9b ± 0.11 11.11 24.6a ± 0.09 9.34 23.6 ± 2.33 9.86
CW 13.4a ± 0.04 9.80 12.9b ± 0.06 10.71 13.0b ± 0.06 11.04 13.2 ± 1.37 10.42
SIL 48.7c ± 0.13 8.18 49.6b ± 0.17 8.63 50.7a ± 0.19 9.02 49.5 ± 4.25 8.57
BL 67.8c ± 0.18 7.77 71.2b ± 0.24 8.20 74.1a ± 0.30 9.94 70.6 ± 6.10 8.64
HL 13.8c ± 0.05 10.94 14.4b ± 0.06 9.46 14.9a ± 0.05 8.61 14.3 ± 1.41 9.83
HW 8.2b ± 0.03 9.72 8.5a ± 0.03 9.31 8.4a ± 0.03 9.67 8.4 ± 0.80 9.59
EL 9.4c ± 0.06 11.3 10.6b ± 0.05 12.71 12.1a ± 0.06 12.77 10.5 ± 1.30 12.35
HoL 7.2b ± 0.07 29.24 7.1b ± 0.09 32.48 8.2a ± 0.10 29.52 7.5 ± 2.26 30.27
MD 16.2a ± 0.05 9.93 16.7b ± 0.07 9.62 17.1a ± 0.05 7.68 16.6 ± 1.53 9.21
NL 15.8c ± 0.08 14.83 18.2b ± 0.10 13.11 19.8a ± 0.10 12.17 17.6 ± 2.37 13.45
NG 21.8c ± 0.07 10.05 22.1b ± 0.08 8.71 22.5a ± 0.08 8.54 22.1 ± 2.04 9.24
TL 10.2c ± 0.05 15.58 10.9b ± 0.06 12.4 11.9a ± 0.07 13.98 10.9 ± 1.55 14.21
HG 55.6c ± 0.16 8.61 56.9b ± 0.20 8.71 59.1a ± 0.22 8.98 56.9 ± 4.99 8.76
CC 70.2b ± 0.23 9.98 69.1c ± 0.28 10.08 71.8a ± 0.28 9.76 70.3 ± 6.99 9.95
AG 62.9c ± 0.21 9.82 64.1b ± 0.26 10.07 66.8a ± 0.27 10.01 64.4 ± 6.41 9.96
BD 24.7c ± 0.08 9.70 27.3b ± 0.13 11.85 29.5a ± 0.13 11.05 26.8 ± 2.92 10.87
RL 11.9b ± 0.05 11.7 11.4c ± 0.05 11.70 12.4a ± 0.08 16.73 11.9 ± 1.61 11.90
RW 10.5a ± 0.08 21.93 9.7b ± 0.08 20.10 9.4c ± 0.08 20.75 9.9 ± 2.11 21.17
TC 6.2c ± 0.02 7.79 6.2b ± 0.02 7.59 6.4a ± 0.02 9.49 6.2 ± 0.52 8.28
HC 15.8b ± 0.06 11.17 15.1c ± 0.05 8.48 16.1a ± 0.09 13.73 15.7 ± 1.79 11.41
BW 16.2c ± 0.12 21.20 18.2b ± 0.18 24.68 20.1a ± 0.21 25.81 17.9 ± 4.31 24.08
  1. abc lsmeans with different letters in rows are significantly different at P ≤ 0.001; SNK’s multiple mean comparison test, GCZ Guineo-Congolese zone, GSZ Guineo-Sudanian zone, SZ Sudanian zone
  2. WH withers height, RH rump height, SH sternum height, BH back height, CD chest depth, RD rump depth, CW chest width, SIL scapulo-ischial length, BL body length, HL head length, HW head width, EL ear length, HoL horn length, MD muzzle diameter, NL neck length, NG neck girth, TL tail length, HG heart girth, CC chest circumference, AG abdominal girth, BD bicoastal diameter, RL rump length, RW rump width, TC cannon bone circumference, HC hock circumference, BW body weight