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Table 2 Least squares means (lsmeans) and standard errors (SE) and coefficients of variation (CV) of morphological indices across vegetation zones

From: Morphological characterization and habitat suitability modeling of the goat population of Benin under climate change scenarios

Variables GCZ (n = 893) GSZ (n = 610) SZ (n = 611) Overall (n = 2114)
  lsmean ± SE CV lsmean ± SE CV lsmean ± SE CV lsmean ± SE CV
MI 40.2 ± 0.24 18.18 39.6 ± 0.30 18.42 40.1 ± 0.32 19.47 39.9 ± 7.45 18.63
IGS 0.9c ± 0.00 15.13 1.1b ± 0.01 12.99 1.2a ± 0.01 14.04 1.0 ± 0.15 14.20
IAT 0.4c ± 0.00 11.59 0.5b ± 0.00 9.75 0.5a ± 0.00 11.41 0.5 ± 0.05 11.07
USI 46.7c ± 0.13 8.52 50.9b ± 0.17 8.11 54.1a ± 0.14 6.31 50.1 ± 3.87 7.73
BI 11.4 ± 0.20 51.55 11.0 ± 0.04 7.91 10.9 ± 0.17 37.56 11.2 ± 4.45 39.82
IP 89.0a ± 0.62 20.74 85.2b ± 0.60 17.35 76.5c ± 1.21 39.16 84.3 ± 21.59 25.61
CDI 53.3a ± 0.13 6.99 48.9a ± 0.13 6.54 46.6c ± 0.73 38.90 50.1 ± 10.18 20.33
SI 82.8c ± 0.23 8.34 92.2b ± 0.26 6.85 98.2a ± 0.27 6.67 89.9 ± 6.64 7.38
Ba 0.4a ± 0.00 24.38 0.4b ± 0.004 28.07 0.4b ± 0.01 29.63 0.4 ± 0.11 26.88
IBR 87.8a ± 0.19 6.44 87.4a ± 0.21 5.79 86.0b ± 0.19 5.41 87.2 ± 5.21 5.98
PI 1.4a ± 0.00 8.9 1.4b ± 0.00 4.90 1.3c ± 0.00 5.02 1.4 ± 0.10 7.04
IC 60.4a ± 0.29 14.56 60.0a ± 1.03 42.23 56.7b ± 0.22 9.56 59.2 ± 15.05 25.41
BR 0.9c ± 0.001 3.91 0.9b ± 0.00 2.98 0.9a ± 0.00 1.94 0.9 ± 0.03 3.15
TD 2.5a ± 0.00 15.85 2.2b ± 0.03 36.34 1.9c ± 0.01 11.10 2.2 ± 0.50 22.67
WS 0.8a ± 0.00 19.79 0.8b ± 0.01 19.23 0.7c ± 0.01 17.05 0.8 ± 0.14 18.96
  1. abc lsmeans with different letters in rows are significantly different at P ≤ 0.001, SNK’s multiple mean comparison test, GCZ Guineo-Congolese zone, GSZ Guineo-Sudanian zone, SZ Sudanian zone
  2. MI mass index, IGS slenderness index, IAT auricular index, USI sternum index, BI boniness index, IP pelvic index, CDI chest depth index, SI size index, Ba balance, IBR body index, PI pectoral index, IC cephalic index, BR body ratio, TD thoracic development, WS width slope