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Table 5 Annual avoided costs from 1998–2011 for the local water utility company

From: Priority areas for watershed service conservation in the Guapi-Macacu region of Rio de Janeiro, Atlantic Forest, Brazil

Average quantity (m3yr-1) Average cost (1,000 BRL m-3) Total cost (BRL) Avoided cost for 1% of turbidity reduction (BRL)
174,545.3 22.2 3,877,482.0 15,509.9